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The Neolithic Revolution, also called the Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from hunting and gathering to agriculture, that changed humanity forever. The Neolithic Revolution started around 10,000 BC. Due to the innovations of the Neolithic Revolution, civilizations and cities grew out.
The main causes of the Neolitic Revolution were: climate change, the need for food, cultivation of crops, and domestication of animals.
After the revolution started, human activity resulted in the selective breeding of cereal grasses, such as emmer wheat, einkorn wheat and barley were among the first crops domesticated by Neolithic farming communities. Neolithic farmers selected for crops that harvested easily. As humans began to experiment with farming, they also started domesticating animals. For example, domestic pigs were bred from wild boars. Domesticated animals made physical labor of farming easier, but also they carried infectious diseases.
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