The Victim of Iago in Shakespeare's Othello

download print

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 649 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

Words: 649|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

Table of contents

  1. The Manipulative Nature of Iago
  2. The Devastating Consequences for Othello
  3. The Tragic Outcome
  4. Conclusion

William Shakespeare's tragedy, Othello, explores the destructive power of manipulation and deceit. At the center of this tragic tale is the character of Othello, a noble and respected general who becomes the victim of Iago's cunning and malevolent schemes. Throughout the play, Iago preys on Othello's insecurities and exploits his trust, ultimately leading to Othello's downfall. This essay will analyze the ways in which Othello is the victim of Iago's manipulation, examining the consequences of Iago's actions on Othello's character and the tragic outcome that ensues.

'Why Violent Video Games Shouldn't Be Banned'?

The Manipulative Nature of Iago

Iago, the primary antagonist of the play, is a master manipulator who uses his skills of deception to exploit the weaknesses of those around him. He cunningly exploits Othello's vulnerability as an outsider in Venetian society, planting seeds of doubt and jealousy in his mind. Iago's manipulation begins with subtle insinuations, gradually escalating to more overt lies and fabrications. For instance, he suggests to Othello that his wife, Desdemona, is having an affair with Cassio, Othello's loyal lieutenant. By playing on Othello's insecurities and painting a vivid picture of betrayal, Iago successfully convinces Othello of Desdemona's infidelity, thus turning him into a victim of his own destructive emotions.

Furthermore, Iago's manipulative tactics extend beyond mere words. He skillfully engineers situations that further fuel Othello's suspicions, such as arranging encounters between Cassio and Desdemona and planting a handkerchief as false evidence of their affair. By meticulously planning and executing these deceptions, Iago ensures that Othello's doubt and anger continue to consume him, ultimately leading to tragic consequences.

The Devastating Consequences for Othello

As a result of Iago's manipulation, Othello undergoes a profound transformation from a confident and respected general to a tormented and vengeful individual. Othello's once noble and composed character is gradually eroded by Iago's influence, as he succumbs to jealousy and suspicion. This transformation is evident in Othello's language and behavior throughout the play. Initially, he speaks in eloquent and poetic verse, reflecting his status and noble character. However, as his jealousy intensifies, his language becomes fragmented and coarse, mirroring the disintegration of his mental state.

Othello's victimization at the hands of Iago is further exacerbated by his insecurities regarding his race and cultural background. As a black man in a predominantly white society, Othello already feels like an outsider, constantly aware of his differences. Iago cunningly exploits this vulnerability, using it as a tool to manipulate Othello's emotions and further isolate him from those around him. This isolation contributes to Othello's descent into madness, as he becomes increasingly paranoid and distrustful of everyone, including his beloved wife, Desdemona.

The Tragic Outcome

The culmination of Iago's manipulation is the tragic outcome that befalls Othello and those around him. Consumed by jealousy and blinded by Iago's deceit, Othello becomes the instrument of his own destruction. Believing that he is acting out of justice and honor, Othello ultimately kills Desdemona, the very person he loves most. This act of violence not only leads to the loss of innocent lives but also marks the irreversible downfall of Othello's character.

Moreover, it is important to acknowledge that Iago's manipulation not only victimizes Othello but also perpetuates a cycle of destruction that affects other characters in the play. For instance, Iago's deceptions lead Roderigo to his own demise and cause Cassio's reputation to be tarnished. This highlights the far-reaching consequences of Iago's actions and emphasizes the extent of his manipulation.


In conclusion, Othello is undeniably the victim of Iago's manipulation in Shakespeare's Othello. Iago's cunning and deceitful nature preys upon Othello's vulnerabilities and exploits his trust, ultimately leading to his tragic downfall. The consequences of Iago's actions are far-reaching, resulting in the destruction of Othello's character and the loss of innocent lives. This play serves as a cautionary tale, reminding us of the destructive power of manipulation and the devastating consequences it can have on individuals and society as a whole.

Works Cited:

Get a custom paper now from our expert writers.

Shakespeare, William. Othello. Edited by Michael Neill, Oxford University Press, 2006.

Image of Dr. Charlotte Jacobson
This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

The Victim of Iago in Shakespeare’s Othello. (2024, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 23, 2024, from
“The Victim of Iago in Shakespeare’s Othello.” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2024,
The Victim of Iago in Shakespeare’s Othello. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 23 Jul. 2024].
The Victim of Iago in Shakespeare’s Othello [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 14 [cited 2024 Jul 23]. Available from:
Keep in mind: This sample was shared by another student.
  • 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help
  • Custom essay delivered in as few as 3 hours
Write my essay

Still can’t find what you need?

Browse our vast selection of original essay samples, each expertly formatted and styled


Where do you want us to send this sample?

    By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.


    Be careful. This essay is not unique

    This essay was donated by a student and is likely to have been used and submitted before

    Download this Sample

    Free samples may contain mistakes and not unique parts


    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    We can write you a custom essay that will follow your exact instructions and meet the deadlines. Let's fix your grades together!


    Get Your
    Personalized Essay in 3 Hours or Less!

    We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!
    • Instructions Followed To The Letter
    • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
    • Unique And Plagiarism Free
    Order your paper now