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3 January 1892
2 September 1973
Author, academic philologist, poet
Fantasy, high fantasy, mythopoeia, translation, literary criticism
3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was an English writer, poet, philologist, and academic, best known as the author of the high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.
The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, Unfinished Tales
Scholars and critics have identified many themes of The Lord of the Rings, a major fantasy novel by J. R. R. Tolkien, including a reversed quest, the struggle of good and evil, death and immortality, fate and free will, the danger of power, and various aspects of Christianity such as the presence of three Christ figures, for prophet, priest, and king, as well as elements like hope and redemptive suffering.
Tolkien's writing style can be categorized as elegant, unique, graceful, and old-fashioned. Tolkien excelled in showing his imagination in great detail, but didn't like using fancy vocabulary. Poetry is also a major element in Tolkien's work that made him stand out from others. He is widely known for the genre of fantasy. His writing is seen as inspired by Gaelic, Biblical History, Irish Mythology, Catholicism, and World War I & II.
While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence and the shaping of the modern fantasy genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature — or, more precisely, of high fantasy
“Not all those who wander are lost.”
“All we have to decide is what to do with the time that is given us.”
“Fantasy is escapist, and that is its glory.”
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