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In order for the students to remember and save all the things they were able to learn in school, it is important that the students should improve their memorization ability. There were multiple ways for this improvement. One of it was probably highlighting a text by the use of highlighter pens. However, highlighter pens, as we all know, have different colors and we cannot expect that all the students use the same color. Besides, not all of the students use highlighters as an instrument for studying. As a consequence, it is possible that the improvement of one’s memorization ability might be slower than others. There were already a lot of study on how colors can affect and enhance one’s learning. If we will be able to identify the certain color that could possibly be more effective in terms of improving one’s ability to memorize something, we might able to unlock new ways to help the students remember things easily.
Variables and indicators
In this study, the independent variable is the colored highlighters while the dependent variable is the memorization ability. Colored highlighters or highlighter pens are often use to emphasize something important in a particular text.
Memorization ability in the other hand is the ability of a person to remember or save all the information they need.
The respondents for this research will be coming from Gr. 11 Senior High School students of Colegio de Sta. Monica de Angat School Year 2018-2019. They will be randomly selected and everyone has a chance to be part of this research, as participants and they have a rights to choose if they are willing to cooperate to the researchers or not. For every strand, they will be given one color of highlighters and the researchers will observe their improvement with the use of pre-test and post-test.
Significance of the Study
Those who would greatly benefit from this study include:
Students. This study aims to help the students to help the students in determining on what particular color of highlighter is appropriate to help memorizing their lessons that is needed to memorize specially if there is an enumeration in their examination and test. If the students will improve their memorization ability now, maybe in their future, it can be a plus factor and opportunity for them in terms of taking jobs that they want.
Parents. Parents provide and support all the things that their children need as long as they find it beneficial. With this study, parents would like be aware of the things they might need to do and provide to somehow help their children improves their memorization ability.
Teachers. The teachers, who are in-charge of the activities, tasks, and lessons a student must surpass, will benefit from this study. For the findings of this research, they may have an idea of how they can integrate their lessons in the minds of students better.
School Administrators. This study may provide information for school administration that might be useful in identifying the things that the school actually lacks that might hinder the student’s memorization ability to develop. This study might also be able to help them to easily find solutions to they were able to identify by the use of this study.
Future Researchers. The future researchers may use this research as a supporting idea for their own or they may get additional information about the topic they have in common.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
According to Carole Yue, Benjamin Storm, Nate Kornell & Elizabeth Bjork (2018), highlighting is one of the strategy to improve our mental skills. In this study they test some students if highlighting can really enhance their mind. However, it has advantage and disadvantage. In advantage by highlighting it makes the mark portion more memorable because it stands out from the other non-highlighted text. While in disadvantage it might be ineffective because the students are only focusing on the highlighted text, there is a possibility that they cannot understand the whole meaning of the text because only the mark portion has the attention to stand out. The goal of this research is to know the possible benefits of highlighting and to explore the effect of highlighting in relation to distribute study of meta cognitive belief.
According to the study conducted by Olurinola and Tayo (2015), color can by some means increase one’s capacity to remember things. But then, they also emphasized that the colors to be use should be put in consideration. It is because though they were able to prove that color can somehow improve a person’s ability to remember, the improvement rate may differ depending on the color itself. One color may cause this improvement as one color may not. Just like what happened to a study conducted by Huchendorf (2007). Her study aims to know whether color can actually affect one’s memory. The result of her study was the opposite of what she expected it to be. Her claim was color can affect one’s memory. However, as she goes along her study and analyze all the data and information she was able to gathered, she finds out that there were actually no significant relationship between the colors that she used to the memory of her participants. But, to the discussion part of her research she stated there very clearly that the result of her study may vary if other set of colors was used.
There are a lot of reasons why students used highlighters. Probably, one of the most common reason for this is to mark and highlight the important information and concepts in a certain lesson. Some claim that it is effective to easily remember things if you highlighted it but other claim otherwise. According to Yue, Storm, Kornell and Bjork (2014), highlighting is a strategy that the students often used in their studies. The results of their research actually shows that there were only certain circumstances that highlighting a text can be beneficial in studying. However, those circumstances were not clearly stated in their study itself as well as the color they used to highlight those particular text.
According to Noriaki Kuwahara (2015), for learning understudies including basic, middle school and secondary school understudies, change of scholarly execution is a standout amongst the most critical learning targets. Kinds of issues in each subject are adaptable and it is basic to discover enter focuses and catchphrases in sentences and in addition inquiries under any circumstance. With a specific end goal to locate these key focuses and watchwords, data on sentences and in addition inquiries ought to be composed which can prompt expand attentional limit and also subjective limit. Different sorts of composing materials are utilized by the students, and particularly highlighter pens which are utilized by numerous students for stamping, when they are utilized for checking as methods for arranging data, can have impacts on the change of scholastic execution by the visual impacts and in addition through checking works. Along these lines, the reason for this investigation is to clear up the impacts of checking with a highlighter pen as a way to perceive important data. The Japanese dialect word issues, number-crunching calculation issues and English issues were utilized and the measure of memory and the quantity of right answers were estimated to check the impacts.
Individuals often remember things that stand-out and colors play a crucial role in these instances as well in capturing one’s attention. According to Dzulfilki and Mustafar (2013), the degree of attention provided in a certain things increase one’s capacity to remember it. They also state that the ability of the color to increase the probability to remember certain things might depend on the attentional level it gives. This is where the contrasting colors will enter. They emphasize that there are factors that should be taken in consideration so color can influence person’s memory and one of it is the combination of colors. The higher the level of contrast in a combination of color the more it will attract the attention of an individual. As a result, it will provide a higher probability to the human mind to retain a memory.
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