What is Sanitation and it's effects: [Essay Example], 504 words GradesFixer

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!


Professional writers and researchers


Sources and citation are provided


3 hour delivery

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

What is Sanitation and It's Effects

Download Print

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF


Sanitation is crucial for the life and development of children. At this time, 2.4 billion people around the world do not use correct sanitation facilities. 946 million people go outside their own houses for sanitation, known as open defecation. Since actions have been placed to improve sanitation, progress has been made in few parts of the world. However, millions of children in poor and undeveloped areas have been forgotten, left behind.

What is sanitation?

Sanitation can be understood as interventions that reduce human exposure to diseases by providing a clean environment in which to live. It is acts and work to build and form a hygienic environment for one’s body. It includes everything you do in your bathroom: shower, brush your teeth, go to the toilets, wash your hands…

Ending open defecation

Open defecation is when people go out in fields, forests, open bodies of water, or other open spaces rather than using a bathroom. It is incredibly dangerous, as contact with human waste can cause diseases such as cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, polio, diarrhea, worm infestation and under nutrition.

Currently, 1 in 7 people, or 946 million people, practice open defecation. Of those who do, 9 out of 10 live in rural areas. Globally, India has the largest number of people still defecating in the open: more than 564 million.

Diseases led by poor or lack of sanitation

Cholera, typhoid, infectious hepatitis, polio, cryptosporidiosis, and ascariasis. Undernutrition, pneumonia, worm infestations, are also associated with unsafe water, poor sanitation and hygiene resulting in reduced physical growth, weakened physical fitness and impaired cognitive function, particularly for children under the age of five.

This is why we wash hands and have toilets, to prevent those diseases and viruses to reach our body. Now, imagine what happens, in poor countries where 95% of the population use open defecation and have no sanitation, where they wash themselves with dirty and contaminated water.

These are the words of Dr Annette Pruss-Ustun, Scientist, Public Health and the Environment Department, World Health Organization:

“About one quarter of global disease is caused by environmental factors that we could in fact change. The environment influences our health through the air we breathe, the water we drink, radiation and noise, the work environment, the built environment, and also the climate and ecosystem – a large wide variety of influences”.


In many cultures, women cannot defecate at day-time

Key sanitation facts:

1 in 3 people don’t use improved sanitation.

1 in 7 people practice open defecation.

Since 1990, 2.6 billion people have gained access to improved sanitation.

5 countries, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Pakistan, account for 75% of open defecation.

We must double our current efforts in order to end open defecation by 2030.

The world houses 7billion people, 2.5 billion people do not have proper sanitation

In many countries, 95% practices open defecation.

¼ people in the least developed countries practices open defecation.

Ending open defecation will lead to a 35 % reduction in over 3/4 of a million deaths of children under 5 each year.

Having to go outside the safety of their homes in order to relieve themselves makes women and girls vulnerable to violence.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

What is Sanitation and it’s effects. (2019, January 15). GradesFixer. Retrieved October 24, 2020, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-is-sanitation-and-its-effects/
“What is Sanitation and it’s effects.” GradesFixer, 15 Jan. 2019, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-is-sanitation-and-its-effects/
What is Sanitation and it’s effects. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-is-sanitation-and-its-effects/> [Accessed 24 Oct. 2020].
What is Sanitation and it’s effects [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Jan 15 [cited 2020 Oct 24]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-is-sanitation-and-its-effects/
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

    Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you



    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    GradesFixer.com uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.