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Since the beginning of modern times, racism has been a noteworthy issue that has tormented the United States of America for a long time. It has been around in our nation since before the civil war and even today. Despite how far we have come, individuals are still bias towards different races yet the separation due to other issues lasted and turned out to be unlawful toward the end of the 1960’s with the social equality development. From the beginning of slavery to the conversion of daily hate crimes, racism has evolved tremendously. Some may have thought that racism was gone once slavery was abolished, but that is not the case. People grow up how they’re taught to behave but the only way to end racism may be to show this new generation not to look at color. Racism refers not exclusively to social frames of mind towards non-predominant ethnic and racial gatherings yet in addition to social structures and activities which mistreat, avoid, limit and oppress such people and gatherings.
What is racism? Based on the dictionary, racism is defined as a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human racial groups determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one’s own race is superior and has the right to dominate others or that a particular racial group is inferior to the others. It exists when one ethnic gathering or chronicled collectivity influences, prohibits, or tries to abolish another based on contrasts that it accepts are genetic. An ideological reason for express prejudice worked out as intended in the West amid the advanced period.
Martin Luther King Jr. was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. King, a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States, beginning in the mid-1950s. On April 3, he gave his final and what proved to be an eerily prophetic speech in which he told supporters at the Mason Temple in Memphis. The next day, while standing on a balcony outside his room at the Lorraine Motel, Martin Luther King Jr. was killed by a sniper’s bullet. The shooter, a malcontent drifter and former convict named James Earl Ray, was eventually apprehended after a two-month, international manhunt. Martin Luther King Jr.’s life had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States. Years after his death, he is the most widely known African-American leader of his era. His life and work have been honored with a national holiday, schools and public buildings named after him, and a memorial on Independence Mall in Washington, D.C. But his life remains controversial as well. In the 1970s, FBI files, released under the Freedom of Information Act, revealed that he was under government surveillance, and suggested his involvement in adulterous relationships and communist influences. Over the years, extensive archival studies have led to a more balanced and comprehensive assessment of his life, portraying him as a complex figure: flawed, fallible and limited in his control over the mass movements with which he was associated, yet a visionary leader who was deeply committed to achieving social justice through nonviolent means.
The next figure to discuss in this racism is Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist who declined to surrender her seat to a white traveler on an isolated transport in Montgomery, Alabama. Her rebellion started the Montgomery Bus Boycott; its prosperity propelled across the country endeavors to end racial isolation of open offices. As a pioneer of the social equality development, Rosa Parks got numerous honors amid her lifetime, including the NAACP’s most noteworthy honor. On December 1, 1955, in the wake of a difficult day’s worth of effort at a Montgomery retail chain, where she functioned as a needle worker, Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue transport for home. She sat down in the first of a few columns assigned for ‘shaded’ travelers. While working a transport, drivers were required to give separate however meet housing to white and dark travelers by relegating seats. This was cultivated with a line generally amidst the transport isolating white travelers in the front of the transport and African-American travelers in the back. White passengers entered the bus and needed the black passengers seats but Rosa refused and remained seated. The police then arrested Rosa at the scene and charged her with violation of Chapter 6, Section 11, of the Montgomery City Code. She was taken to police headquarters, where, later that night, she was released on bail.
Malcolm X was a minister, human rights activist and prominent Black Nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of Islam during the 1950s and 1960s. Due largely to his efforts, the Nation of Islam grew from a mere 400 members at the time he was released from prison in 1952 to 40,000 members by 1960. Articulate, passionate and a naturally gifted and inspirational orator, Malcolm X exhorted blacks to cast off the shackles of racism ‘by any means necessary,’ including violence. The fiery civil rights leader broke with the group shortly before his assassination on February 21, 1965, at the Audubon Ballroom in Manhattan, where he had been preparing to deliver a speech. Tragically, just as Malcolm X appeared to be embarking on an ideological transformation with the potential to dramatically alter the course of the Civil Rights Movement, he was assassinated. In the immediate aftermath of Malcolm X’s death, commentators largely ignored his recent spiritual and political transformation and criticized him as a violent rabble-rouser. But especially after the publication of his autobiography, Malcolm X will be remembered for his contribution to society of underscoring the value of a truly free populace by demonstrating the great lengths to which human beings will go to secure their freedom. ‘Power in defense of freedom is greater than power in behalf of tyranny and oppression,” he said. “Because power, real power, comes from our conviction which produces action, uncompromising action.’
To conclude this essay, the war against racism was a tough and long battle, but with the help of many influential people and figures the effects were elevated. Racism still happens today but it is not as an extreme as it was back when these historical people were alive and were fighting for civil rights for their oppressed people. Although majority of racist actions are toward African Americans, other races are still affected by racism such as Latinos, Asians and even Pacific Islanders. Us Chamorros have been ignored and unrecognized as a people with the United States. We too fight for our own rights as a people and some justify the reason pertains to our race and culture being different than Americans. People tend to take races and cultures in the wrong perspective. Yes there are differences between them but the concept of race is to portray an identity. Race gives a form of uniqueness and not differentialism. When taken in the wrong way, people may hate different ideologies and philosophies of other ethnicities. Racism is a hard concept to teach positively as people are stubborn to eradicate it. We can only prevent it from becoming extreme and keep fighting for equality just as the famous civil rights activist mentioned did.
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