Who is The Narrator in to Kill a Mockingbird?

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 606 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 606|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Table of contents

  1. The Role of Scout Finch as the Narrator
  2. Debunking Alternative Narrator Theories
  3. The Implications of Scout's Narration
  4. Conclusion
  5. Bibliography

Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, is a masterful piece of literature that explores themes of racial injustice, morality, and coming-of-age in the 1930s American South. The story is told from the perspective of Scout Finch, a young girl growing up in the fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama. However, some readers have questioned the reliability and identity of the narrator. This essay will examine the various theories surrounding the narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird, ultimately arguing that Scout Finch is both the protagonist and the narrator of the novel.

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The Role of Scout Finch as the Narrator

Throughout the novel, Scout serves as the primary voice and lens through which readers experience the events of Maycomb. Her unique perspective as a child provides a refreshing and innocent outlook on the world, allowing for a more nuanced exploration of complex themes. Scout's narration is marked by her vivid descriptions, genuine curiosity, and occasional moments of humor. For example, when describing her first day of school, she humorously notes, "I never deliberately learned to read, but somehow I had been wallowing illicitly in the daily papers." (Lee, 1960, p. 19)

Scout's narration is also characterized by her growth and development as a character. As the story progresses, readers witness her maturation and gradual understanding of the injustices and prejudices that surround her. This growth is evident in her evolving relationships with Boo Radley and Tom Robinson, as well as her shifting perspective on racial inequality. By allowing readers to witness Scout's transformation firsthand, Lee effectively conveys the novel's central themes of empathy and compassion.

Debunking Alternative Narrator Theories

Despite the overwhelming evidence pointing to Scout as the narrator, some readers have proposed alternative theories. One such theory suggests that Atticus Finch, Scout's father, is the true narrator of the story. Proponents of this theory argue that Atticus's wise and insightful observations, coupled with his role as a moral compass, make him a more likely candidate for the narrator.

However, a closer examination reveals that Atticus's role as a father figure and mentor to Scout does not necessarily translate into being the narrator. While Atticus imparts invaluable life lessons and moral guidance to his children, his perspective remains secondary to Scout's. Furthermore, Atticus's presence in the story serves to complement Scout's narrative rather than overshadow it. As a result, it is clear that Atticus is not the primary narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird.

The Implications of Scout's Narration

Scout's position as the narrator has significant implications for the overall meaning and impact of the novel. By experiencing the events through a child's eyes, readers gain a deeper understanding of the pervasive nature of racism and prejudice. Scout's innocence and naivety allow for a more honest portrayal of the injustices faced by marginalized communities, highlighting the need for empathy and social change.

Furthermore, Scout's narration emphasizes the importance of perspective in shaping one's understanding of the world. By presenting events from a child's viewpoint, Lee challenges readers to question their own biases and preconceived notions. In doing so, she encourages a more critical examination of societal norms and values.


In conclusion, Scout Finch is the narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird. Her unique perspective as a child and her growth throughout the novel make her the ideal candidate to guide readers through the complex themes and events of the story. Scout's narration allows for a deeper exploration of racial injustice and moral growth, while also challenging readers to question their own perspectives. By embracing Scout as both the protagonist and the narrator, Harper Lee crafts a compelling and thought-provoking narrative that continues to resonate with readers today.

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Lee, H. (1960). To Kill a Mockingbird. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Who Is The Narrator In To Kill a Mockingbird? (2024, Jun 13). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 23, 2024, from
“Who Is The Narrator In To Kill a Mockingbird?” GradesFixer, 13 Jun. 2024,
Who Is The Narrator In To Kill a Mockingbird? [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 23 Jul. 2024].
Who Is The Narrator In To Kill a Mockingbird? [Internet] GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 13 [cited 2024 Jul 23]. Available from:
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