Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized and Its Benefits

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About this sample


Words: 1013 |

Pages: 2|

6 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 1013|Pages: 2|6 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024


As a college student deeply interested in public policy and societal issues, I couldn't ignore the startling statistic that according to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program, there were approximately 545,602 marijuana-related arrests in the United States in 2019 alone. This statistic underscores the importance of reevaluating our approach to marijuana and considering the potential benefits of legalization. To contextualize this issue, it's essential to delve into the historical background of marijuana prohibition in the United States, which dates back to the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. Through this essay, I aim to present a compelling case for marijuana legalization, emphasizing its potential medical benefits, its role in reducing criminal activity, and the economic advantages it offers.

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To understand the urgency of the matter, we must look back to the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, which marked the onset of marijuana prohibition in the United States, setting the stage for decades of contentious debates and criminalization.

This essay will argue that marijuana should be legalized for several reasons, including its potential medical benefits, the reduction of criminal activity, and the economic advantages it offers.

In the realm of medical marijuana, there is a wealth of evidence supporting its potential therapeutic properties. One cannot dismiss the numerous medical conditions that can be effectively treated with marijuana, including chronic pain, epilepsy, and chemotherapy-induced nausea. Recent research, such as a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), even suggests that medical marijuana legalization may contribute to a significant reduction in opioid overdose deaths—a critical issue currently plaguing our society.

Furthermore, heartwarming case studies like that of Charlotte Figi, a young girl with Dravet syndrome, serve as a testament to the life-changing impact of medical marijuana. Her story illustrates how a high-CBD strain of marijuana drastically reduced her seizures, offering her a chance at a more normal life.

The criminalization of marijuana has imposed a substantial burden on our law enforcement agencies. Valuable resources that could be better used elsewhere are expended on marijuana-related arrests and incarceration. Reports from organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) shed light on the financial and societal costs associated with this approach.

Statistics reveal a different story in states where marijuana is legal. Data from the Drug Policy Alliance demonstrates a notable decrease in marijuana-related arrests in these areas. Legalization not only reduces the strain on law enforcement but also contributes to a fairer and more equitable criminal justice system. It's important to acknowledge the positive impact legalization can have on reducing the collateral consequences of criminal convictions, particularly in marginalized communities.

Additionally, the potential erosion of the black market and its connection to organized crime is an aspect that cannot be overlooked. Studies conducted by reputable organizations like the Cato Institute suggest that legalizing marijuana could weaken the black market's grip on the drug trade, dismantling one of the financial lifelines of criminal enterprises.

From an economic perspective, marijuana legalization offers a plethora of opportunities. Legalizing and regulating the marijuana industry can generate substantial tax revenue, as demonstrated by data from the Colorado Department of Revenue. These funds can be channeled back into our communities, bolstering essential services and infrastructure.

Moreover, the legal cannabis industry presents a remarkable avenue for job creation and economic growth. Reports from sources like Leafly indicate that it provided over 77,000 full-time jobs in the United States in 2020 alone. This job creation is not merely a statistic; it represents livelihoods and economic stability for countless individuals and their families.

When we juxtapose the costs of enforcing marijuana prohibition with the potential savings associated with legalization, the economic argument becomes even more compelling. Reports from organizations such as the Tax Foundation estimate the significant cost savings that can be redirected toward more productive initiatives.

While there are valid concerns surrounding marijuana legalization, particularly regarding health risks and addiction, it's crucial to address these issues with evidence-based reasoning. Research from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) suggests that while marijuana does pose health risks, these concerns are frequently exaggerated. Regulation, including strict age restrictions and quality control measures, can help mitigate potential health-related problems.


The social impact of marijuana legalization is complex and multifaceted. It extends beyond the realms of public health and the economy. Legalization can lead to reduced stigma surrounding marijuana use, improved social equity, and the promotion of responsible consumption. By regulating marijuana, we can implement safeguards to protect vulnerable populations while allowing adults to make informed choices.

Moreover, there is a noticeable shift in public perceptions and attitudes toward marijuana use. Surveys and polls consistently indicate that public opinion is evolving, reflecting a growing acceptance of marijuana as a legitimate form of recreation and medicine.

In conclusion, the case for marijuana legalization encompasses an array of compelling arguments. As college students, we have a vested interest in the future of our society, and marijuana policy reform is a pertinent issue. Legalizing marijuana holds the potential to mitigate public health risks, reduce the burden on law enforcement, stimulate economic growth, and address social inequities. By acknowledging these benefits and addressing valid concerns, we can advocate for a more rational and humane approach to marijuana policy.

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The importance of marijuana legalization transcends individual preferences; it signifies a paradigm shift in drug policy that recognizes the shortcomings of prohibition and embraces evidence-based alternatives. As we look ahead, the ongoing evolution of marijuana policy offers the promise of a more just and prosperous society for all. It is a future we should actively support and strive to achieve.

  1. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). (n.d.). The War on Marijuana in Black and White. Retrieved from
  2. Drug Policy Alliance. (n.d.). Marijuana Arrests by the Numbers. Retrieved from
  3. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). (2014). Medical Cannabis Laws and Opioid Analgesic Overdose Mortality in the United States, 1999-2010. Retrieved from
  4. Leafly. (2020). Cannabis Jobs Report 2020. Retrieved from
  5. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2021). Marijuana Research Report. Retrieved from
  6. Tax Foundation. (2016). The Budgetary Effects of Ending Drug Prohibition. Retrieved from
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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Oliver Johnson

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Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized and Its Benefits. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 17, 2024, from
“Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized and Its Benefits.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized and Its Benefits. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 17 Jun. 2024].
Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized and Its Benefits [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 30 [cited 2024 Jun 17]. Available from:
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