Analysis of The Novel "Wuthering Heights" Written by Emily Bronte

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About this sample


Words: 2170 |

Pages: 5|

11 min read

Published: Jun 5, 2019

Words: 2170|Pages: 5|11 min read

Published: Jun 5, 2019

Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights is regarded as the hottest stories of love, the most tragic and depressing, among the heroine of the story; Heathcliffe and Catherine Ehrenshaw. Katherine is the daughter of the good man; Mr. Ehrenshaw, who one day decides to enter into his family a new member to compensate for the loss of his eldest son, a dark-skinned gypsy boy named Heathcliff, brought him from the streets of Liverpool to be cared for. Heathcliff finds Katherine a close friend who shares his drive and adventure, and later becomes the love of his life and the source of his misery. He also finds in Mr. Irancho a compassionate father, a true shepherd, who does not differentiate between him and his daughter and son; Catherine and Hindley; after his father’s death, his son Hindley returns to Wethering Heights to exercise his authority over Heathcliff, treating him as a servant and forbidding him to spend time with Catherine as before. Here the seed of revenge begins in the heart of Heathcliff’s growth.

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It’s getting worse when one of Heathcliff and Catherine’s adventures leads to Catherine being attacked by a guard dog in the Linten family home in Thrashcross Grange, the country house next door to Wethering Heights. She has to stay there for several weeks, after deciding to marry Edgar Lenten, despite her love Heathcliff. This leaves Heathcliff to leave, missing for three years, and returns a rich man and a nobleman seeking revenge from all, as does Catherine.

The novel begins in the present time with Mr. Lockwood, the tenant of the rural house in Thershkros Grange; to the present owner of the house. Elaine tells the story of what happened 20 years ago between the families of Ernsho and Lenten that Cathy’s daughter Katharine and Edgar, and Harriet Hendley’s son, Linton’s son Heathcliff of Isabella (Edgar’s sister), and Heathcliff’s revenge on them. The Tenor Lockwood tells some parts of the novel, and we also find two generations: the generation of parents and the generation of children, each with a love trinity of two young men, a girl named Cathy, and two houses; Thrashros Grange, Ltn calm, and the heights and Zering bustle. Diodes symbolize a latent conflict in every corner of the novel.

Hathcliff is the most mysterious and complex character in the novel and his actions prompt us to ask about his real motives; what made him turn from a heroic lover at the beginning of the novel, to seek revenge in the other part? What motivates him to continue to avenge himself from innocent figures of the second generation? Hershcliffe’s behavior was based on the rejections and acceptance of the novel; when the Erenshaw family accepted him, the sincere passion and sincerity of Mr. Erenshaw and Catherine, after the death of the father and Catherine’s decision to abandon him and the marriage of Edgar, showed a harsh dry nature as a rejectionist who knew only hatred Treachery and revenge. Indeed, if we compare my family to Lenten and Erenshaw, my child Lenten; Edgar and Isabella, with their love and sincerity, are the product of compassion, tenderness and acceptance from their environment, while Heathcliff and Catherine, as well as Hendley, are ruthlessly cruel. Katharine is when she rejected herself and her wild nature with Heathcliff, and decided to marry Edgar to please her brother and her community; destroyed herself and around her.

The novel is characterized as the captivating nature of Wethering Heights and the Yorkshire deserts. This description is almost as beautiful as the reader can find in wethering Heights. But the novel contains a complex and unique description of human feelings and complex relationships, which some believe to be near realism, they make her worthy of fame in English literature.

Emily Bronte wrote her novel, her only published novel, during the romantic period between 1789 and 1870. The literature of this period was concerned with the conflict between nature and society. Many authors in this period have written articles explaining how society corrupts the natural nature of humans.

Heathcliff, one of the main characters in Wuthering Heights, is an example of this concept. He is savage in the sense that he is not influenced by social norms. Heathcliff also possesses the attributes of Hero Byronic. Hero Byronic is a kind of romantic hero with dark characteristics. He is excited, ostracized from society in some way, intelligent, arrogant and superior to his own consciousness. This type of hero grew out of Lord Byron’s work, in which such characters appeared. Wuthering Heights is located in the desolate lands, the place of isolation, far from any village or city. There are two major photographers in the story, Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. Both are isolated from society, forcing each family to create its own community.

There are two families in the Waters Heights: the Lentons, who are polite and civilized, and the Orthodox, who are less civilized. It seems appropriate to end up with Hitchcliffe, a child in the wild, under the care of the less civilized Erenshow. The children of Erenshow, Hindley and Catherine, are not civilized themselves, without any concept of how to behave properly because they have few role models appropriate. However, Heathcliffe, who remains silent and treats the children of Ehrenshaw, is referred to as “the other”. In the foreword of Heathcliff, Ravenna, Nelly Dean, refers to Heathcliff with conscience. “” The primary identity of Heathcliff is not human, but as something.

Hindley does not waste time exploiting Heathcliff. Competition is almost immediate. But Catherine sees a decent spirit in Heathcliff, and soon becomes indivisible. Struggling with the cruelty of the childish Kathleen Heathcliff, they pledge to remain savage together. This vow, however, faces difficulties as soon as Catherine spends time with Lintons.

In the five weeks that Catherine spends as her guest, Lintons tries to attend. Katherine is about 12 years old at this time and at that time in her life when she learns how to be a breeding lady. The problem is that barbarism and civilization can not coexist in one body.

When you meet Heathcliff again, Catherine says, “What do you mean?” It was just that you looked strange: If you wash your face and brush your hair, everything will be fine, but you’re so dirty! “Catherine never bothered, But now that she has the taste of society, her perception is changing, yet Heathcliff remains as she is, wanting to maintain her relationship with Heathcliff as she was and disagree with her desire to become a lady.

Inevitably, Edgar Linton proposes to Catherine. She knows she does not belong to Edgar, but she accepts his proposal anyway. We, as readers, really discover the deep Katharine of Heathcliff as she tries to express her confusion towards Nelly. Heathcliffe, as a lightning bolt, discovers in part her dilemma, and what he hears motivates him to leave.

Heathcliff disappears for three years, perhaps to find himself better not to be insulting to Catherine. We never know where he goes or what he does to become a gentleman, but we know that his discovery that Catherine married Edgar in his absence puts Heathcliff on the path of revenge. We understand Heathcliff’s anger, especially in the fact that he knows that Catherine still loves him more than her husband loves. Subjected to abuse, exile and injustice by the only person he could have loved.

Although it seems that Heathcliff has adopted the characteristics of the nobility, his motives are still inherently brutal. An eye for the eye of justice must be enacted. Begins with the seed of his first torment. A son of Hindley Ehrenshaw, Hareton, learns to be as brutal as him. Hindley loses his property to Heathcliff in gambling. Heathcliff marries Isabel Linton, injuring both Edgar and Catherine at the same time. His son, named Linton, manipulates Katherine’s daughter (also called Catherine) to marry Linton.

In the middle of the eighteenth century, the industrial revolution began in Britain thanks to the survival of its lands far from the wars and woes of Europe and the accumulation of funds there since the sixteenth century of the exploitation of land, the profits of the domestic and foreign trade, the mercantilism and the slave trade Headed by capitalists, have emerged in favor of a capitalist system based on the private ownership of the means of production and land, and the exploitation of the working class necessarily increased the profits of the capitalists, and on this basis the working class expanded as a result of the influx of groups Peasants and serfs from the countryside to the city as a result of the widespread application of the system of fencing and the demobilization of large numbers of them, the industrial revolution not only led to the emergence of the class of capitalists adults, but also led to the emergence of a large working class was growing numerically as the industrial revolution included one section after another of production, From the revolutionary capitalism to feudalism; it did not differ from it in ignorance and exploitation, especially after capitalism also used women and children as tools to increase their profits.

It was also necessary to abolish slavery and defend the rights of workers, the poor and disadvantaged classes against exploitation, social oppression and capitalist greed, and as the capitalists relied on the prevailing laws to continue to exploit and disavow any duty towards them; attention was directed towards Parliament to advance the task of social reform in parallel Reform of the parliamentary system, the process of social reform accompanied the parliamentary reform. The first issues raised in Parliament concerned the rights of workers and working hours. The character of the novel Heathcliff is a victim of the financial and social conflicts of his time.

. Brontë is at its best when describing Heathcliff, and draws his attention to a lot of interest from her and other characters. Many polls have voted for his most romantic protagonist in literature, who says so much about the kind of men we love – torture, obedience, and obsession. Heathcliff is the embodiment of what is known by literary genres such as the protagonist based on the dimension: dark, dark exterior (such as Mr. Rochester of Jane Eyre or Edward Collin of Twilight). He is lenient and a little devilish … but he certainly is engaged.

Heathcliff enters the house of Eranshow as an orphan and is stigmatized immediately because he is alone in the world. Heathcliff is a character far from the only evil character in this novel. Baby Heathcliff is characterized as devilish and cruelly referred to as “it” in the Earnshaw household. His language is “gibberish” and his dark otherness provokes the labels “gipsy,” “wicked boy,” “villain,” and “imp of Satan.” (Ouch!) This weak treatment is not a big improvement on his “hungry and inevitable” childhood, and soon becomes the product of all abuse and neglect. Because his skin is dark and will never be accepted by his adoptive family or the Jimerton villagers. Heathcliff should be called the son of Ehrenshaw, who died in childhood, confirming that the impression is a mythical change, another being in the world replacing a human child. In addition, his last name was not given to Eranshow.

Although the Hitchcliff background puzzle is not solved, there is endless speculation and charm about its appearance. Mr. Irenshu introduces him to his new family by saying that he is “almost as dark as if he came from Satan” (4.45), and is called “gypsy” by various personalities.

If we look at the difference that makes it different, it makes it impossible for Heathcliff to really adapt to it. His intention to control both the Wohthering and Grange heights is the motivation for his desire to become a master, although he is very alien from the outside, economically, familial, and physically. His envy of light-skinned Edgar is part of his anger fueled by Catherine’s choice.

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During a three-year absence, Heathcliff is physically converted. No longer a street child multiplied, he became, Nelly says: ” … a tall, athletic, well-formed man; beside whom my master [Edgar] seemed quite slender and youth-like. His upright carriage suggested the idea of his having been in the army. His countenance was much older in expression and decision of feature than Mr. Linton’s; it looked intelligent, and retained no marks of former degradation. A half-civilised ferocity lurked yet in the depressed brows and eyes full of black fire, but it was subdued […] (10.53) At the time Lockwood meets, Heathcliff is still dark and vain of course, but now embodies the social status he has acquired over the last 25 years. Lockwood notes: Mr. Heathcliff is a unique contrast to his home and lifestyle. Is a dark-skinned gypsy in the side, in the dress and ways of a gentleman: that is, a big man like many country squire […] (1.15) At this stage in Heathcliff’s story he contains the opposition: his ethnic background offers a strange contrast with his wonderful appearance . Although he owns the property, he can never change his appearance and what a meeting entails. (Shmoop Editorial Team, 2008)

Works Cited

  1. Brontë, E. (1847). Wuthering Heights. London, England: Thomas Cautley Newby.
  2. Connolly, T. (1986). The Romanticism of Wuthering Heights. Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 40(1), 1-24.
  3. Dunn, R. (2009). Reading Wuthering Heights: Outsiders and Insiders. New York, NY: Twayne Publishers.
  4. Eagleton, T. (2011). Heathcliff and the Great Hunger. London, England: Verso Books.
  5. Gilbert, S. M., & Gubar, S. (2000). The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  6. John, J. (2017). Brontë’s Wuthering Heights: A Reader’s Guide. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  7. Knoepflmacher, U. C. (1976). Repression and Revenge in Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights. PMLA, 91(1), 22-33.
  8. Magill, F. N. (1998). Masterplots II: Women’s Literature Series, Volume 2. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press.
  9. Morrison, J. (1988). The Name and Nature of Heathcliff. Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 43(1), 1-29.
  10. Todorov, T. (1973). The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre. Cleveland, OH: Press of Case Western Reserve University.
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Analysis of the Novel “Wuthering Heights” Written by Emily Bronte. (2019, May 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 27, 2024, from
“Analysis of the Novel “Wuthering Heights” Written by Emily Bronte.” GradesFixer, 14 May 2019,
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