Advantages and disadvantages of the electron microscope: [Essay Example], 450 words GradesFixer
exit-popup-close

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!

exit-popup-print

Professional writers and researchers

exit-popup-quotes

Sources and citation are provided

exit-popup-clock

3 hour delivery

exit-popup-persone
close
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Electron Microscope

Download Print

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

blank-ico
Download PDF

A beam of electron is used in electron microscope rather than visible light and this beam of electron is detected by an electron detector. An electron beam helps to view the very small areas of the specimen because it behaves same as light wavelength but the difference is that the wavelength of an electron beam is much smaller than that of visible light which allows seeing features up to nanometers.

Histroy:

  • Hans Busch was the first scientist who developed the electromagnetic lens in 1931.
  • Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll constructed the prototype electron microscope in 1931, which contain four-hundred-power magnification.
  • In 1933, Ruska built an electron microscope that rise above the resolution attainable with an optical (light) microscope. Reinhold Rudenberg and Siemens-Schuckertwerke both partner introduced the electron microscope in May 1931.

Principle:

Principle of the electron microscope is closely resembled to the bright microscope. It has large difference between the bright microscope and the electron microscope is that the user uses the lens and visible light source whereas the later uses electromagnetic lenses (doughnut-shaped electromagnets) and electron beam. The electrons can collide the air molecules and get deflected, which hinders the image formation. Hence, the microscope has an ultrahigh vacuum inside the tube.

Advantages

The very first advantage is its great magnification. Electron microscopes are aided in technological and industrial applications, such as semiconductor inspection, computer chip manufacturing, and quality control as well as in production line.

Disadvantages

They are very costly and very large in size so needed to be kept in a very large area. They are also very sensitive to vibration and external magnetic fields. They require stable voltage supplies, currents to electromagnetic lens and circulation of cool water so the samples are not harmed from heat given off during the process of energizing the electrons. Other than that they are required in high-end research laboratories.

Types of electron microscopy

The electron microscope is further divided into;

  • Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
  • The Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

The transmission electron microscope (TEM)

The first electron microscope developed was the transmission electron microscope (TEM). In TEM thin slices of samples are shot by a beam of electrons and then, those electrons are detected from other side. A thin section of a sample can be seen in very high resolution through TEM. It helps to study components inside a cell, such as organelles and their structures.

The scanning electron microscope (SEM)

The surface of three-dimensional objects in high resolution is seen under the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The focused beam of electrons scan the surface of an object and then, the electrons which are reflected back from the surface of samples are detected. SEM is good at forming three-dimensional images of lice, flies etc as the entire objects can be observed on the SEM at low magnifications.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Advantages and disadvantages of the electron microscope. (2019, January 28). GradesFixer. Retrieved October 28, 2020, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-electron-microscope/
“Advantages and disadvantages of the electron microscope.” GradesFixer, 28 Jan. 2019, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-electron-microscope/
Advantages and disadvantages of the electron microscope. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-electron-microscope/> [Accessed 28 Oct. 2020].
Advantages and disadvantages of the electron microscope [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Jan 28 [cited 2020 Oct 28]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-electron-microscope/
copy to clipboard
close

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.

    close

    Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

    Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample
    close

    Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you

    close

    Thanks!

    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now
    boy

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    GradesFixer.com uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.