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Identify the agencies that were involved in different major incidents:
In major incident different agency will work together to help the public and help each other and solve the problems. There are statutory and non statutory.
A good example of car crash is the Sheppey Crossing where over 130 cars were involved. They work together to help people and save lives.
Police went there to close roads, and clear the way for other services. Police also help civilian who were not injured and take them to one side. They check the area which services are needed.
In that all three all services were involved statutory and voluntary agencies were also included. They worked together to help the public and also help each other to solve the case how it happened.
Police did their investigation. Police also help ambulance to take out the injured people and they help the fire services by giving the information what happen how cars are involved.
Then the fire services help the ambulance to take out the injured people and then they clear the the roads.
All of the emergency services must work together effectively in order to save lives and prevent incidents from happening again.
All non statutory agencies were there to help the public service and the public as well.
British Red Cross went there to victim of the crash and give them help whatever they need. They shelters and water to keep from the injured people. Red Cross also help the public services in their work.
Describe the work of agencies at UK incidents and their legal duties:
They are statutory and none statutory agencies that work together.
Statutories are the organisations funded by the government, and they have to follow the rule and regulation. These rules and regulations are made by the government in the parliament. These agencies are responsible for upholding the law and looking after community that they serve.
The role of police during a major incident is to coordinate the operation whist the major incident is taking place. Because of the organizational and operational capacity of the police service the service has to liaise with the local authorities and the other emergency services.
The police is responsible for all persons in around the scene of the incident. It is also the responsibility of the police service to ensure that the scene of the incident is preserved for investigations and inquiries which could lead to criminal prosecutions.
Roles and responsibilities of the police:
During an incident the fire and rescue services primary function is the preservation of life and property. The fire and rescue services also have the responsibility to provide humanitarian services and safeguard the environment.
Role and responsibilities of the fire services:
The ambulance services a part of the National Health Service they are responsible for the administration of medical care and aid to those injured in an incident. It the responsibility of the ambulance service to transport casualties to the hospital to receive further medical treatment.
Role and responsibilities of Ambulance services:
Emergency plans are prepared already in case of that the major incidents happen so the emergency responders are prepared to follow the plan and respond to it with full professionalism.
All emergency services cooperate with other agencies makes it more effective by sharing of information which is key part of planning and responding to the major incident.
To ensure that everything will be done properly the emergency planning personnel must have access to resources, agencies need to know their roles, be capable to carry out the tasks and have the confidence in other responders.
Emergency planning is divided in to five elements such as:
Different emergency services respond has different repomd to an incident. There are five types of responding to the incident which depends of the nature of responder and those:
Explain how UK agencies involved in a specific major incident worked together in accordance with their legal duties: Explain the role of the organisations involved in planning for major incidents.
During major incidents it is important that responding agencies communicate and work together in order to effectively and efficiently deal with the incident this can be done in the following ways.
These officer are the member of the public services who are responsible for communicating with the other services as well as and sharing and simulating information between them.
The officers coordinate training days where the public service train together in order to improve their performance for the future and keep them fit for the future.
Training days where a simulated incident takes place allows the service to train and prepare for major incidents and highlight any problems or areas that they need to improve.
Their plans are a serious and clear instruction on how responding agencies respond to a major incidents, each agency will have future plans on how to respond to different types of major incidents. Liaison officer’s form each service will come together in conjunction with the local government to prepare a universal contingency plan that all service will work form.
Command and control procedures:
Civil Contingencies Act 2004:
Civil Contingencies Act 2004 is an act parliament of the United Kingdom to ensures that all services lease with each other during their duty.
This act establishes a coherent Framework for emergency planning and responses to incidents on a local and national scale all categories of responders work in conjunction with this act to ensure they fulfill their legal duties and help each other. During the major innocent they use command and control to communicate with each other so they can do their best job.
The command structure is split into three Tiers: Gold, Silver, Bronze.
This control and command supervise the operation. This command operate in the gold command suite away from the scene, they support silvers decisions who are on the ground and formulate contingency plans to handle the incident
Gold commanders also are responsible for the allocation of personnel and resources.
They also approve silvers plans and ideas on how to resolve the incident.
Silver Tactical Command:
Silver command are the actual commanders of the major incident. Police service usually fulfills this role. Silver is responsible for implementing the strategic command recommendations and orders. The silver commands staff officers are responsible for constantly providing the gold command staff officer with up-to-date information.
Silver create a plan and delegates instructions down to bronze commanders, they also contact with other services liaison officer to ensure that they have a constant update of information. They are also responsible for media relations and for the cordon around the incident area.
Bronze command is an operation command element that is responsible for overseeing a particular task, bronze commanders implement silvers plan.
Examples of bronze command elements:
These commanders are the most hands on role during the incident that are in constant communication with silver command and have constant communication with each other to effective achieve the task and operation.
Inter-agency planning and communication is important when the public services respond to a major incident it allows the public service to respond efficiently and effectively to incidents. Planning and preparation can result in faster response times.
Planning can also ensure that the public services are working to the same goals.It can also highlight any future problems that could occur as well as identify areas where public services need to improve to effectively respond and need to look at their weakness and mistake so that they do make it in the future.
It can also prevent the serious injuries and even death in the prompt and well planned response to incidents.
If the public services do not have Inter-agency planning and communication would not be able to effectively respond to emergency incidents due to poor planning and preparation.
Poor planning can result poor response times which can result in the serious injuries and even deaths of those involved in the incident. They would not be working towards to the same goals which can make it difficult and the operation slowing down the response to the incident. They will be not prepared for the incident and they will not highlight their problem. They can occur in the future and there will be not improvement in their performance which can result in the serious injuries and even deaths of those involved in the incident. If they don’t have good communication between nothing will learn from the past incident because of the poor relations and communications between services.
This is why Inter-agency planning and communication is important when the public services respond to a major incident, allows the public service to respond efficiently and effectively to incidents which will save people’s lives and prevent any further escalation of the incident.
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