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There is a strong debate in our society about whether immigration has a beneficial or a detrimental impact on the world today. Immigration refers to the action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country. Illegal immigration and legal immigration both have been a difficult situation in the United States for a very long time. Immigration laws should be less strictly enforced because of its overall beneficial impact on society and the economy. As immigrants they come to the United Sates to succeed and achieve the American dream but people do not realize that immigrants do not solely come to the United Sates to cause harm. Immigration has both advantages and disadvantages and I will endeavor to debate this below.
Immigration has a beneficial impact on society because it is an essential part of American values and the “American Dream.” Immigrants influence in creativity and determination to the United States economy. Immigrants bring business to more markets, improving the United States capability to fund and trade successfully in the world economy. Immigrants maintain the United States economy adjustable, allowing manufacturers to maintain low prices and adapt to consumer needs. An authoritative 1997 study by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) concluded that immigration delivered a “significant positive gain” to the U.S. economy.”(Griswold 1). A research was conducted evaluating the increase of computer science employees on temporary H-1B visas from 1994 to 2001. The research deduced that proficient immigration brought the creation of more IT firms in the United States and brought down the prices of IT merchandise by 1.9 percent to 2.4 percent.
Another reason immigration has a beneficial influence is the fact that immigration is what gives America its “cultural melting pot “ society, and diversity is a positive element of society. The United States is a very diverse country it has people immigrating from all over the world like Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America. The United States is mostly composed of immigrants. A research conducted shows that About 4.4 million foreign-born persons resided in Australia as of the country’s 2006 Population and Housing Census. They accounted for 22.2 percent of the total country population of 19.9 million. The foreign-born share did not change between 2001 and 2006 (Migration Policy Institute 1). Many immigrants have come I the United States illegally by the Pacific Ocean, Mexico border and even underground tunnel.
“Every day thousands of illegals stream across the 2,500 miles of border with Mexico. According to the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, or INS, the total number of illegals in America from this source increases by 275,000 annually. Already the United States is host to an illegal population of 7 to 12 million, of whom the vast majority are Mexican or Hispanic in origin. These illegal and uninvited guests help themselves to jobs, education, welfare and unemployment compensation. The many whose wages are paid under the table pay little or no taxes. And they are easy prey for unscrupulous employers and politicians” (Hayes 2000)
An expert in the field of sociology has concluded that “As of 2012, more than 40 million immigrants lived in the United States – but just 46 percent, or roughly 18 million, of these immigrants were Hispanic. While there were more Hispanic or Latino immigrants than any other racial or ethnic group, altogether non-Hispanic white, black and Asian immigrants made up more of the non-native population of the U.S.”
Immigration can affect employment in many ways. Immigrations result on employment relies on the economy. When the economy is not doing too well and is not doing good with adapting then the rise in immigrants can result in a lower number of employment available to citizens of the United States who are usually less educated than others. Although, the economic efficiency of new immigrants can benefit many employees. This means that the new immigrants can actually improve employment in the United States.
With so much evidence in support of immigration, it is unrealistic to believe otherwise.
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