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Conflict theorists emphasize that coercion; Change, domination and conflict in society are inevitable. The point of view of the conflict is based on the notion that society is composed of different groups that are constantly fighting each other for access to scarce and valuable resources; These can be money, prestige, power or the authority to assert one’s value in society.
Conflict theorists argue that there is a conflict in society when a group of people who believe that their interests are not being met or who do not receive a fair share of society’s resources, work to counter what they perceive as a disadvantage. Before 1973, abortion was illegal in the United States, except in situations where the woman’s health was at stake.
If the doctor indicated, a woman had the option to choose to terminate her pregnancy and the doctor would perform the abortion without any violating the law. However, in March 1970, Jane Roe, a single woman from Dallas County, Texas, filed a federal action against the county district attorney. Roe sought a trial that would declare the criminal legislation on abortion in Texas unconstitutional and seek an injunction to prevent the defendant from implementing the statutes.
Joe claimed that she was a single woman, but pregnant; she wanted to end her pregnancy by seeking the services of a professional and a licensed professional in a safe clinical setting. However, she noticed that she could not hire the service since she could not access a legal abortion in Texas since her life was not under any threat of pregnancy.
In addition, Joe stated that she was not in a financial position to travel to another state to guarantee a safe abortion. She argued that the Texas statute was unconstitutional and vague, and contravened her right to her right to privacy, which was guaranteed by the First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth and Fourteenth Amendments. Joe wanted to sue on his behalf and on behalf of all the other women who were in a situation similar to hers.
There are critical observations of Joe’s arguments; Women who should not have a baby should not be forced to have it. A pregnancy is a blessing if it is planned; however, a forced pregnancy is similar to any form of bodily invasion and is abhorrent to American values and traditions (Schwarz, 1990).
Therefore, the Constitution of the United States protects women from a forced pregnancy in a similar way as the constitution can not force a US citizen to donate their bone marrow or contribute one kidney to another.
The Supreme Court analyzed the facts and the evidence of the case, and ruled that Roe was right, and that his rights to privacy were violated; therefore, the Court decreed that all women had the right to a legal and safe abortion upon request.
There was joy throughout the United States on the part of modern women; The ruling was seen as a massive step towards women’s rights. However, many years have passed since Roe Vs. Wade, and abortion has remained one of the most controversial problems in the United States and the world.
The ruling was of a similar magnitude to women’s suffrage, and almost as controversial. It has freed women from dependence, fear, threat of injury and ill health; It has given women the power to shape their lives. Essays on Abortion
The social ramifications of the case and the social and moral ramifications have continued to affect both sides of the abortion debate. People who thought that the 7-2 majority who ruled in favor of abortion were too optimistic; Abortion has become one of the most emotional and controversial political debates.
Before the decision of Roe vs. Wade, women who had abortions ran the risk of suffering pain, death, serious injury, prosecution and sterility. Currently, abortion is safer, cheaper and is a more common phenomenon.
The legalization of abortion has created other reasons to ensure abortion; women are coerced by their boyfriends and husbands who are not willing to become parents due to financial pressures, the panic of losing a job, dropping out of school, being homeless or fear of being expelled to the street (Schwarz, 1990).
Abortion, which is based on these reasons often leads to post-traumatic stress disorder; This occurs when a woman can not overcome her emotional imbalances resulting from the trauma of an abortion. Abortion testing
This can have serious results, such as depression, eating disorders and, in severe cases, can lead to suicide. Women who secure an abortion by their free will have no regrets and are happy to have made the choice; However, several women claim that abortion affected them negatively.
Therefore, it can be argued that abortion is a social problem. Based on the sociological imagination, the behaviors and attitudes of people must be perceived in the context of the social forces that make up the actions.
Wright Mills developed the theory and emphasized that changes in society have a massive effect on our lives. Before 1970, legal abortions were not heard in the United States and people perceived abortion as a despicable act.
However, once the law changed allowing doctors to perform legal abortions, people’s attitudes changed. To demonstrate the fact that abortion is a social problem, we must analyze the components of a social problem. A social problem is an aspect of society that concerns people and would like it to change. It is composed of two components: the objective condition, which is an aspect of society that can be measured.
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