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Southeastern United States and Indian Territory
White Americans often feared and resented the Native Americans they encountered. State governments joined the effort to drive Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek and Cherokee people out of the South. In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which authorized the president to negotiate removal treaties.
A part of the "Trail of Tears", the Cherokee Removal was a forced emigration by the U.S. military and various state militias of some 15,000 Cherokees Indians, from their lands in Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma, between 1836 and 1839. The federal government promised to remit $5 million to the Cherokee Nation as a compensation.
About 4,000-5,000 Cherokees people died as a result of the "Trail of Tears". Cherokee who were removed initially settled near Tahlequah, Oklahoma. The "Trail of Tears" is considered to be an infamous episode in American history.