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1830s by mountain men of fur trade, widely publicized by 1843
Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, Washington, Oregon
It was one of the two main emigrant routes to the American West in the 19th century. The Oregon Trail was a 2,170-mile (3,490 km) route in the United States, that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. Without the Oregon Trail, American pioneers would have been slower to settle the American West in the 19th century.
The Oregon Trail was laid by fur traders and trappers from about 1811 to 1840. The trail and its many offshoots were used by about 400,000 settlers, farmers, miners, ranchers, and business owners.