Comparing and Contrasting The Artistic Work of Parthenon and Pantheon

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About this sample


Words: 583 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jan 29, 2024

Words: 583|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jan 29, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Historical Background
  2. Architectural Design
  3. Sculptural Artwork
  4. Symbolism and Function
  5. Influence and Legacy
  6. Conclusion

The Parthenon and Pantheon are two of the most iconic and influential architectural structures in human history. While they were built in different time periods and served different cultural and religious purposes, both structures share remarkable artistic elements that have stood the test of time. This essay aims to compare and contrast the artistic work of the Parthenon and Pantheon, highlighting their architectural design, sculptural artwork, symbolism, function, influence, and legacy.

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Historical Background

The Parthenon, constructed between 447 and 432 BCE, was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, the patron of the city of Athens. It served as a symbol of Athenian power and democracy, showcasing the city's wealth and cultural achievements. On the other hand, the Pantheon, built in Rome around 126 AD by Emperor Hadrian, was initially a temple for all the Roman gods and was later converted into a Christian church. It symbolized Roman imperial power and was a testimony to the greatness of Roman engineering.

Architectural Design

The Parthenon exemplifies the Doric order, characterized by simplicity and robustness. The use of this architectural order in the temple's design conveys a sense of strength and stability. The pediment sculptures, depicting mythological scenes, and the intricate friezes and metopes further enhance the overall grandeur and artistic appeal of the Parthenon.

Conversely, the Pantheon incorporates the Corinthian order, known for its ornate capitals and elaborate decoration. The most striking feature of the Pantheon is its massive dome, which was a groundbreaking architectural achievement at the time. The interior of the Pantheon is marked by its spaciousness and the play of light, creating a transcendent experience for visitors.

Sculptural Artwork

The Parthenon's sculptural elements, particularly the colossal statue of Athena Parthenos and the frieze sculptures depicting the Panathenaic procession, exemplify the highest level of craftsmanship and artistry. These works of art not only served religious and cultural purposes but also showcased the genius of ancient Greek sculptors.

Similarly, the Pantheon's interior statues and decorative motifs, along with the pediment sculptures, are a testament to the skill and creativity of Roman artists. These sculptural elements conveyed religious and mythological themes, adding to the spiritual atmosphere of the temple.

Symbolism and Function

The Parthenon stood as a symbol of Athenian democracy and power, representing the city's political and cultural achievements. Additionally, it served as a place of worship for the goddess Athena, where religious ceremonies and rituals took place, reinforcing its dual symbolism as a political and religious monument.

As for the Pantheon, it symbolized Roman imperial power and divine worship. Its function as a temple dedicated to multiple gods reflected the religious pluralism of Roman society, while also serving as a demonstration of Roman engineering prowess and political authority.

Influence and Legacy

The architectural principles and design elements of the Parthenon have had a profound influence on subsequent buildings, particularly in the neoclassical revival of the 18th and 19th centuries. The Parthenon's enduring legacy can be seen in the numerous structures that have emulated its aesthetic and structural features worldwide.

Similarly, the Pantheon's architectural innovations, such as the use of the dome and the play of light, have inspired countless architects and designers over the centuries. Its legacy can be observed in various religious and civic buildings that sought to replicate its grandeur and spiritual ambiance.

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In conclusion, the Parthenon and Pantheon represent the pinnacle of ancient architectural and artistic achievements. While they belong to different cultural and historical contexts, the similarities in their craftsmanship, symbolism, and enduring legacies are undeniable. Both structures continue to inspire awe and admiration, serving as timeless reminders of human creativity and ingenuity.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Comparing and Contrasting the Artistic Work of Parthenon and Pantheon. (2024, January 29). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 14, 2024, from
“Comparing and Contrasting the Artistic Work of Parthenon and Pantheon.” GradesFixer, 29 Jan. 2024,
Comparing and Contrasting the Artistic Work of Parthenon and Pantheon. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 14 Apr. 2024].
Comparing and Contrasting the Artistic Work of Parthenon and Pantheon [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 29 [cited 2024 Apr 14]. Available from:
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