Comparing The Parthenon and The Pantheon

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 464 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Mar 6, 2024

Words: 464|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Mar 6, 2024

Architecture has been a fundamental aspect of human civilization for centuries, reflecting the cultural, political, and religious values of societies. Two iconic ancient structures that have stood the test of time are the Parthenon in Athens, Greece, and the Pantheon in Rome, Italy. While both are renowned examples of classical architecture, they each have distinct characteristics that set them apart. This essay will compare and contrast the Parthenon and the Pantheon in terms of their history, architecture, and cultural significance.

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The Parthenon is a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, built in the mid-5th century BC on the Acropolis of Athens. It was constructed during the Golden Age of Athens under the leadership of Pericles and designed by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates. The Pantheon, on the other hand, was originally built as a temple to all the Roman gods in the first century AD under the rule of Emperor Augustus. It was later rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD as the structure we see today.

The Parthenon is a Doric temple made of marble, known for its perfect symmetry and mathematical precision. It features a colonnade of Doric columns surrounding the inner sanctuary, with a sculptural frieze depicting scenes from Greek mythology. The Pantheon, on the other hand, is a Roman temple with a cylindrical drum and a large hemispherical dome. Its interior space is characterized by a central oculus in the dome, allowing natural light to enter the structure.

While both structures exhibit elements of classical architecture, the Parthenon embodies the ideals of classical Greece with its emphasis on harmony, balance, and proportion, while the Pantheon showcases the innovative engineering and monumental scale of Roman architecture.

The Parthenon is considered the symbol of ancient Greek civilization and a testament to the skill and creativity of Greek architects and sculptors. It served as a religious center and a symbol of Athenian democracy, housing a colossal statue of Athena Parthenos. The Pantheon, on the other hand, has served various purposes throughout history, including as a Christian church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs. It is a symbol of Roman ingenuity and engineering prowess, attracting millions of visitors each year.

Both the Parthenon and the Pantheon have influenced generations of architects and artists, inspiring countless imitations and adaptations in different parts of the world. Their enduring legacy continues to captivate and awe visitors, reminding us of the rich cultural heritage of ancient civilizations.

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In conclusion, the Parthenon and the Pantheon are architectural masterpieces that have left an indelible mark on the history of civilization. While the Parthenon represents the pinnacle of classical Greek architecture, the Pantheon stands as a triumph of Roman engineering and design. Both structures continue to inspire admiration and wonder, drawing visitors from around the world to marvel at their beauty and grandeur.

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Comparing The Parthenon and The Pantheon. (2024, March 06). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 18, 2024, from
“Comparing The Parthenon and The Pantheon.” GradesFixer, 06 Mar. 2024,
Comparing The Parthenon and The Pantheon. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 18 May 2024].
Comparing The Parthenon and The Pantheon [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 06 [cited 2024 May 18]. Available from:
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