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Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) is a United States immigration policy that allows some individuals with unlawful presence in the United States after being brought to the country as children to receive a renewable two-year period of deferred action from deportation and become eligible for an employment authorization document (work permit) in the U.S.
President Barack Obama announced this policy with a speech in the Rose Garden of the White House on June 15, 2012. The policy was officially established by a memorandum from the Secretary of Homeland Security titled "Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect to Individuals Who Came to the United States as Children".
DACA increased the wages and labor force participation of DACA-eligible immigrants and reduced the number of undocumented immigrant households living in poverty. Studies have also shown that DACA increased the mental health outcomes for DACA-eligible immigrants and their children. There are no known major adverse impacts from DACA on native-born workers' employment, and most economists say that DACA benefits the U.S. economy.
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2. Venkataramani, A. S., Shah, S. J., O'Brien, R., Kawachi, I., & Tsai, A. C. (2017). Health consequences of the US Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) immigration programme: a quasi-experimental study. The Lancet Public Health, 2(4), e175-e181. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2468266717300476)
3. Cornejo, M., Kam, J. A., & Afifi, T. D. (2021). Discovering one’s undocumented immigration status through family disclosures: The perspectives of US college students with Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). Journal of Applied Communication Research, 49(3), 267-285. (https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00909882.2021.1896022)
4. Siemons, R., Raymond-Flesh, M., Auerswald, C. L., & Brindis, C. D. (2017). Coming of age on the margins: Mental health and wellbeing among Latino immigrant young adults eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). Journal of immigrant and minority health, 19, 543-551. (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10903-016-0354-x)
5. Mena Robles, J., & Gomberg‐Muñoz, R. (2016). Activism After DACA: Lessons from Chicago's Immigrant Youth Justice League. North American Dialogue, 19(1), 46-54. (https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/nad.12036)
6. Benuto, L. T., Casas, J. B., Cummings, C., & Newlands, R. (2018). Undocumented, to DACAmented, to DACAlimited: Narratives of Latino students with DACA status. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 40(3), 259-278. (https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0739986318776941?journalCode=hjba)
7. Patler, C., Hamilton, E., Meagher, K., & Savinar, R. (2019). Uncertainty about DACA may undermine its positive impact on health for recipients and their children. Health Affairs, 38(5), 738-745. (https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2018.05495)
8. Hsin, A., & Ortega, F. (2018). The effects of deferred action for childhood arrivals on the educational outcomes of undocumented students. Demography, 55(4), 1487-1506. (https://read.dukeupress.edu/demography/article/55/4/1487/167909/The-Effects-of-Deferred-Action-for-Childhood)
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