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A discourse community is a group of people who share a set of discourses, understood as basic values and assumptions, and ways of communicating about those goals.
The term was first used by sociolinguist Martin Nystrand in 1982, and further developed by American linguist John Swales.
Common public goals; methods of communicating among members; participatory communication methods; genres that define the group; a lexis; a standard of knowledge needed for membership.
People working together in a particular company.
Athletes playing a particular team sport.
Students studying a subject (e.g. arts students).
Musical performers or actors.
Fans of a celebrity, game, cuisine, music, etc.