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In this case first we have to identify the word GIS that is what is GIS. The meaning of word “GIS” is Geographic information System, Also there are so many, definitions to Geographic information system following definiens are some of them.
So the GIS data set is that kind of data set which have all the correct tools and functions. Also it gives users to access to the required data which they want in reasonable time also. As examples if anyone analysis about topography, field survey, subsurface geology, imaging, hydrology, wetlands, traffic and other site specific designs perfect data set will be very important. They the next aspect is environmental analysis, Analysis is one of the major and most influential phase of infrastructure life cycle. Analysis guides us about the validity of correctness of design or we can say that analyses is a method which supports our design some of the analyses that can be performed by GIS are.
This allows creation of new infrastructure data for new civil works including grading,contouring,specifications,cross sections,design calculations,mass haul plans, environmental mitigation plans and equipment staging. This includes integration with traditional design tool such as CAD and databases for new design capabilities.
This aspect is the most close aspect for the community that’s the stage when all layout plans and paper work and other designs come in to the real world applications. In this case basically GIS helps to professionals to understand about those side works which happen during the construction. Also those GIS applications helps to professionals to keep their construction works within their budget as well as to manage their labourers well and utilize their resources efficiently like,
The data collection as built surveying is the next aspect as we all the another GIS application in civil engineering field
In this case GIS provides the tools to collect precise site data anddocument existing conditions with as built surveying infrastructure data,operators use defined,operational,industry standard data models. As built surveying with GIS technology permits the surveyor to deliver data into operational GIS,eliminating costly data conversion and reducing errors.
We can introduce this as a maintenance also these operations areControlled by modelling of site data and baselines prepared in planning phase compared those operations. Most commonly modelling of sites are in the form of raster images of CAD drawings. These things really helpful to professionals to keep the track of timely operations of activities without any obstacle. It will help to efficiency of the site.
Also using GIS can make a record of work that has been completed and can give us a visualization in the form of thematic maps which will guide us about rate of operations, completed operations as well as pending operations. Also, we can get a good idea about history of our work. Also went professionals doing their network tracings topological characteristics of GIS applications are very useful to complete their work well.
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