Heuristics, Stereotyping, Stigmatising, and Generalising: [Essay Example], 441 words GradesFixer

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!


Professional writers and researchers


Sources and citation are provided


3 hour delivery


Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Heuristics, Stereotyping, Stigmatising, and Generalising

Download Print

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF

The psychological drive behind these is our innate reliance on heuristics. Heuristics is a powerful ability our minds possess that augments our daily decision making, covering everything from deciding on the location of a new home, to the simplest of tasks such as recognizing objects. It is heuristics that allow us to quickly assemble a picture of our daily surroundings and resolve problems.

What exactly are they? Heuristics are psychological, cognitive shortcuts. When we for example, see a wheel of a car in an obscured image, we would be primed by our past knowledge and associations to expect to see the rest of the car. This in turn, allows us to make the decision to step back onto the curb as we spot the car coming round the corner. Heuristics then, prime us to anticipate an outcome, given either our past experience, our knowledge of the situation, or our expectations in the given context.

There is unfortunately, a downside to this otherwise efficient means of making sense of our world. As mentioned in the first paragraph, it is also our reliance on heuristics that leads to the over generalization of matters, and the stereotyping and stigmatization of people or objects. In our current era for example, it is this stereotyping that leads to hate crimes committed against the minorities, and the discrimination faced by the refugees.

Lending to this are studies that investigate how heuristics develop and are applied. An example of this is a study showing that people tend to under or overestimate the risk of specific events and incidents, depending upon the ease with which examples come to mind. In the study, it was discovered the people overestimated the number of deaths caused by accidents; which are often widely reported in the media, and underestimated the number of deaths caused by common diseases; which often do not get much publicity.1 In reality, these diseases cause 15 times more death than accidents. Another example would be the stigmatization of psychiatry and psychological disorders. Owing once more to persistent and inaccurate media portrayal, a German survey conducted found that 25% of respondents still believed that patients do not leave psychiatric hospitals, and a surprising 50% of the respondents believed that straitjackets are still in use.

As such, whilst heuristics are a great tool in allowing us to make decisions efficiently in our daily lives, they are not infallible, and are prone to producing erroneous judgements if we invoke inappropriate contexts. We should thus be wary of being too accepting of generic portrayals of situations, institutions, and people in the media, and attempt to delve behind the veil to distinguish for ourselves the portrayals from reality.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

GradesFixer. (2019, February, 11) Heuristics, Stereotyping, Stigmatising, and Generalising. Retrived July 4, 2020, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/heuristics-stereotyping-stigmatising-and-generalising/
"Heuristics, Stereotyping, Stigmatising, and Generalising." GradesFixer, 11 Feb. 2019, https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/heuristics-stereotyping-stigmatising-and-generalising/. Accessed 4 July 2020.
GradesFixer. 2019. Heuristics, Stereotyping, Stigmatising, and Generalising., viewed 4 July 2020, <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/heuristics-stereotyping-stigmatising-and-generalising/>
GradesFixer. Heuristics, Stereotyping, Stigmatising, and Generalising. [Internet]. February 2019. [Accessed July 4, 2020]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/heuristics-stereotyping-stigmatising-and-generalising/
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
get unique paper
*Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
download public sample

Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you



Your essay sample has been sent.

Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

thanks-icon Order now

Hi there!

Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

Check it out!
Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

GradesFixer.com uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.