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Mythology is used in many ways by being part of an explanation that cannot be solved such as a belief of what is happening in our society. In many ways’ mythology is relatable to life in some way by how mythology is connected to religion. Myths can also be relatable to our civilization by how there are many myths of how the world was created by different culture of people or different countries while other myths are about what science can explain to us now like how we have the sun. Mythology is passed down too many generations of people who retell a hypothesis or a guess of how this is happening or what this is. That is why you can read about many myths dating back to before the Common Era from ancient civilizations. In this paper this will explain two myths that were part of the ancient civilization of Egypt and India. The Egyptian myth about Thoth is the god of learning while Sarasvati the goddesses of learning is part of Indian mythology.
With Thoth an Egyptian djhuty is the god of learning with an Ibis head who is also the god of the moon and writing. Thoth was considered an inventor by inventing many languages and being the creator of writing. He was also a scribe, interpreter, and representative of Re, the sun god. He had a job of writing which was part of Seshat’s job as well as having Thoth’s cult in Khmunu or the modern town of Upper Egypt called Hermopolish. Thoth was also part of the myth in Osiris when Thoth had to protect Isis during her time with pregnancy with Thoth also healing Horus eye which was wounded by Seth or Osiris enemy. Also in this myth Thoth also weighed the hearts of the dead and reported that information to Osiris and the other judges to determine if that person is able to go to heaven. Thoth also had many of his scared or important animals which were the ibis and the baboon with their embalmed bodies found in Hermopolis and Memphis. In many ways Thoth was part of Egyptian Mythology is someway by being the god of learning and being part of the myth Osiris. This myth is also relatable to the next myth of learning.
Sarasvati is the goddess of learning and the many types of art is part of the Hindu deity of Indian mythology. Sarasvati was part of the religious river called the Sarasvati River also known as the Ghaggar-Hakra River which runs both in India and Pakistan. She has many meanings such as Bharati which means eloquence, shatarupa which means existence, and Vedamata which means mother of Vedas. She is known to be the inventor of Sanskrit an ancient language in India with the language being in Hindu and she also gives Sanskrit gifts of pen and inks. She is known for the arts and science with herself being the goddess of learning. In mythology she is the wife of the god called Brahma but in some traditions she was the wife of Vishnu first. Sarasvati’s name has meanings relating to the river of the Aryan boundary rivers. The Sarasvati River is thought to be the source for purification, fertility, and good fortune with the river also being a deity. Sarasvati’s festivals have people wearing yellow which means wisdom and prosperity. Statues of Sarasvati have yellow silk with people praying for blessings on their pens, books, and instruments. During this festival children learn how to write for the first time, priests are served with great food and are also given great respects from the people who are celebrating this tradition about Sarasvati. Sarasvati is part of Hindu mythology by being the wife of Brahma who is the god of creation in Hindu mythology. Sarasvati is also represented in art by being youthful with a white sari known in India with a blue border. Sarasvati is more often shown with her husband or her blue peacock in many temples and figures. Sarasvati is also shown to have four arms as with many Indian gods and goddesses with each having a different meaning with one holding a white flower or another hand playing some sort of song with her vina which is the gift of music. In this myth about Sarasvati she is the god of learning by having her duty as having a meaning to India in worship of traditions.
These myths are relevant in many ways today by how people have traditions for the gods and goddesses or people worship the gods and goddesses. Myths can also be in written works such as fiction books or there are articles talking about how the myths of the gods and goddesses. Mythology is still used today by how there are articles about how the gods or goddesses affect a civilization or a country such as Egypt. There are many ways to create a myth about something such as Bigfoot which is part of American folklore which people take as a belief or a story which is passed down to many generations of people who retell these stories which is how these myths are relevant today.
The myth about Thoth is still relevant today by his legacy as a god of Egypt where he is worshiped in temples and shrines about the god. Thoth in the modern society is known as an important spiritual existence of being a god of learning. He is also known in modern society by how he is used in articles about him and in fiction books about Thoth which can explain about what Thoth is and what he does as a god. That is still relevant today in modern society.
The myth about Sarasvati is still relevant today in modern society by how people are celebrating the Sarasvati, the goddess of learning in many traditions. These traditions include people wearing yellow, putting yellow silk over Sarasvati’s statue, and people praying on their pens, books, and instruments to get a blessing. During the festival or the tradition children learning about how to write for the first time, priest are given food, and the ancestors of where the celebration takes place is given great respect from other people of the place where this tradition is celebrated. Sarasvati is also worshipped with other gods and goddesses in Navaratri with Sarasvati also being prayed by musicians because of how she was the god of art and music and she is also prayed before student examinations. That is how Sarasvati is relevant today in modern society by how she is worshipped and in her traditions.
Thoth and Sarasvati are similar in many ways by both being the god/goddess of learning. Both myths about these two people are different by how these two gods/goddesses take place by how Thoth is an Egyptian god and Sarasvati is a Hindu God of Indian mythology. Sarasvati is different from Thoth because of how Sarasvati is celebrated more often with many traditions where India worships Sarasvati by blessing their learning tools while Thoth is celebrated more on his knowledge of civilization with fictional stories written about him about the myths. There are many differences between the two myths by where this takes place and by how both mythological god and goddess is celebrated.
In conclusion, mythology was an important part of ancient civilization and is still used today for many explanations which are unexplainable. The mythological explanation for the god and goddess of learning is something that has happened with this myth about learning with no exact mythological reason to how people learn but this paper talked about the two god and goddess use in mythology and by how they were celebrated.
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