About this sample
About this sample
Words: 560 |
3 min read
Published: Jan 29, 2019
Words: 560|Page: 1|3 min read
Ovarian cancer is a potentially life-threatening malignancies involving abnormal cell growth which forms in or on an ovary with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. While this type of cancer doesn’t show any or only vague symptoms when this process begins, they become more noticeable only as the cancer progresses.
Ovarian cancers are potentially life-endangering malignancies. They can develop in one or both ovaries. Generally, malignant ovarian tumors fall into three primary classes:
These cancers develop in a layer of cube-shaped cells known as the germinal epithelium, which surrounds the outside of the ovaries. They account for the majority of the ovarian cancer cases, up to 90%, and are the primary focus of the report.
Germ cell tumors
This type of cancer account is found in the egg-maturation cells of the ovary and occur most often in teenagers and young women. They account for about 3% of all ovarian cancers. Though they progress rapidly, they respond well to treatments. Germ cell malignancies are curable for 90% of patients, often preserving fertility.
Accounting for about 6% of all ovarian cancers, Stromal tumors develops from connective tissue cells that hold the ovary together and produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
About 80% of patients present with this tumor are with metastatic disease. The prognosis is good in cases where the stromal tumors is not spread. If they spread, however, they can be more difficult to treat than other types of tumors.
While Germ cell tumors and Stromal tumors are confined to the area they have attacked, Epithelial tumor spreads initially into adjacent organs, especially the fallopian tubes, uterus and contralateral adnexa and sometimes the rectum, bladder and pelvic side wall. It can frequently disseminate via transcoelmic route, with 70% of patients having peritoneal metastases.
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