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1667, John Milton
The poem concerns the biblical story of the Fall of Man: the temptation of Adam and Eve by the fallen angel Satan and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
The story of Paradise Lost is Biblical and theme falls into three parts: disobedience, manifestation of Eternal Providence, and justification of Divine ways. All these themes are complete and support each other.
The poem tells the biblical story of the fall from grace of Adam and Eve in language that is a supreme achievement of rhythm and sound. The 12-book structure, the technique of beginning in medias res (in the middle of the story), the invocation of the muse, and the use of the epic question are all classically inspired.
Satan, Adam, Eve, The Son of God, God the Father, Raphael, Michael
Paradise Lost is considered to be Milton's masterpiece, and it helped solidify his reputation as one of the greatest English poets of all time. Many other works of art have been inspired by Paradise Lost, notably Joseph Haydn’s oratorio The Creation (1798) and John Keats’s long poem Endymion.
“The mind is its own place, and in itself can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven..”
“Better to reign in Hell, than to serve in Heaven.”
“Never can true reconcilement grow where wounds of deadly hate have pierced so deep...”
1. Fowler, A. (2014). John Milton: Paradise Lost. Routledge. (https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/mono/10.4324/9781315834726/milton-paradise-lost-alastair-fowler)
2. Steadman, J. M. (1976). The idea of Satan as the hero of" Paradise Lost". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 120(4), 253-294. (https://www.jstor.org/stable/986321)
3. St Hilaire, D. A. (2012). Satan's Poetry: Fallenness and Poetic Tradition in Paradise Lost. Duquesne University Press. (https://muse.jhu.edu/book/17581/)
4. Quint, D. (2014). Inside Paradise Lost. In Inside Paradise Lost. Princeton University Press. (https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9781400850488/html?lang=en)
5. Stevens, P. (1996). " PARADISE LOST" AND THE COLONIAL IMPERATIVE. Milton Studies, 34, 3-21. (https://scholarlypublishingcollective.org/psup/milton-studies/article-abstract/doi/10.2307/26395625/301551/PARADISE-LOST-AND-THE-COLONIAL-IMPERATIVE?redirectedFrom=PDF)
6. Fiore, P. A. (1981). Milton and Augustine: Patterns of Augustinian Thought in Paradise Lost. (https://philpapers.org/rec/FIOMAA)
7. Riebling, B. (1996). Milton on Machiavelli: Representations of the State in Paradise Lost. Renaissance Quarterly, 49(3), 573-597. (https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/renaissance-quarterly/article/abs/milton-on-machiavelli-representations-of-the-state-in-paradise-lost/6D15F231D8A6217528FF8DC6ABECC639)
8. Barker, A. (1949). Structural Pattern in Paradise Lost. Philological Quarterly, 28, 17. (https://www.proquest.com/docview/1290958143?pq-origsite=gscholar&fromopenview=true)
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