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1920 - 1933
Prohibitionists first attempted to end the trade of alcohol during the 19th century. The purpose was to solve alcohol-related problems such as alcoholism, family violence and saloon-based political corruption.
By the turn of the century, temperance societies became a common fixture in American society. Women played a strong role in the temperance movement. Prohibition movement was an important force in state and local politics from the 1840s through the 1930s. Many factory owners supported prohibition in purpose to prevent accidents and increase the efficiency of workers.
In 1917, President Wilson instituted a temporary wartime prohibition in purpose to save grain for producing food. The Eighteenth Amendment passed in both chambers of the U.S. Congress in December 1917, which banned the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors, for state ratification.
Over the course of the 1920s, both federal and local government struggled to enforce the Eighteenth Amendment. The illegal manufacturing and sale of liquor went on throughout the decade. In addition, the Prohibition era encouraged the rise of criminal activity.
Prohibition ended with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment on December 5, 1933. However, a few states continued to prohibit alcohol after Prohibition’s end until 1966.