This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Relationship Between Body Mass Index (bmi) and Physical Fitness

downloadDownload printPrint

Table of contents

  6. RESULTS: 

Fitness is a general term used to describe the ability to perform physical work. It includes the following components: Health-related components like Cardiorespiratory endurance, Muscular endurance, Muscular Strength, Flexibility, and Body composition, and Skill Related components like Agility, Balance, Coordination, Power, and Speed. Childhood fitness is an emerging area of concern as the prevalence of childhood obesity is rising, the main reason being a sedentary lifestyle, high-calorie intake, the rise of indoor games like video games, television, etc. Excess body weight in childhood and adolescence is associated with a higher risk of premature death and disability in adulthood, but overweight children are also more likely to develop non-communicable diseases such as diabetes at a young age. The International Association for Study of Obesity (IASO) and International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) estimate that 200 million school-going children are either overweight or obese.

Prevalence of obesity among school-going children in India has been reported to be high in Punjab approximately 20.7% and Lowest in South India15.1%. India also faces a major problem of being underweight, where 44% of children are underweight. Around 50% of the underweight children are found in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh (60%), Jharkhand (56.5%), Bihar (55.9%), and Tamil Nadu (25%).[5] Underweight children are more prone to malnutrition, undernutrition, etc. So, the need of the hour is to examine the burden of undernutrition and obesity.[5] Hence our study aims to find out the relationship between BMI and Fitness in school-going children.


Materials used were pen, paper, weighing machine, CDC charts, stadiometer, yoga mat, timer, wooden blocks, chalk, and scale. 


Children of the age group 8-11 years of age. Both genders were included. 


Known neurological disease. Fracture or musculoskeletal injury. Undergone recent surgery. Any injury or disease. Acute or any congenital illness. 


Permission was taken from our Principal, the Institutional Ethical Committee, and from the Principals of the selected schools. Informed and written consent was taken from the parents of the students after explaining the purpose of the study.235 students were included purposively from various schools in Pune. Height, Weight, and BMI of the subjects were noted and President’s fitness tests were administered to every student. Partial curl ups: Students lay flat on the ground with arms extended, hip knee flexion with toes pointing forward, a line was marked below the knees and they had to come up so as their fingers crossed the line. They had to repeat the procedure for a minute and a number of curl-ups were noted. Shuttle run: 2 parallel lines were drawn 30 feet apart, student was instructed to run from behind the line, had to pick up the object placed from behind the opposite line and keep the object behind the starting line, run back to the finish line, cross it and pick another object and cross the starting line and keep the second object. The time for the run was recorded. V sit and reach:2 feet line was marked on the floor a perpendicular at its center was marked and the line was extended, measuring tape was placed along the perpendicular to note the readings, and the student was made to sit on the perpendicular with feet 8-12 inches apart, thumbs were clasped with palms facing downwards and the student was asked to reach as forward as possible without bending knees.3 trials were done and the fourth one was recorded. Endurance runs and walk: Two parallel lines were marked one mile apart; students were instructed to run or walk and reach the finish line in the minimum time possible. For 8-9-year olds, the distance was ½ mile. Time was measured for the same. Right angle push-ups: The subject lay facing down on the mat in push up position with palms facing downwards, hands under the shoulders, legs straight with feet slightly apart with toes supporting the feet, arms were straightened by keeping back and knees straight and elbow was flexed till a 90-degree angle was obtained at elbows, helper marked the 90-degree level and the student comes back up. They had to repeat this for a minute and a number of push-ups were noted.


Statistical Analysis was done using the statistics software INSTAT 3.0. Spearman’s Correlation Test was used to find the correlation between BMI and Partialcurl ups, Shuttle runs, V sit and reach, Endurance run and walk, and Right angle pushups.


235 primary school-going students studying in 1st – 4th standard were sampled. Out of these 18 students had normal BMI and 217 were underweight. Most of them had BMI between 18-18.5 and very few had very low BMI.84 students belonged to sports background (including girls) 53 students reported going for some sports activities for 2-3 hours and others twice or thrice in a week for 3 hours. These students belonged in the BMI range between 18-25 and very few also belonged in the underweight category. Characteristic features of the samples are given below:

As per the results, a very weak negative correlation was established between BMI and partial curl-ups, endurance runs, v sits and reach, and right angle push-ups. A very weak positive correlation was established between BMI and shuttle run. A positive relation was established because along with BMI the time taken by children was also increasing but the component of speed was decreasing.

This is because of decreased levels of fitness in school-going children, reasons for them being more influenced by junk food, sedentary life style, and no outdoor play. There are also reported studies suggesting that many kids in India are undernourished, which could be also because of their economic backgrounds. Also attributed reasons for decreased levels of fitness among school-going children were academic competitiveness which forces the child to give very little or no time for physical activity. Some of the offshoots of decreased physical fitness in growing years are early onset of diabetes, hypertension, childhood asthma, etc.

Lack of awareness amongst the teaching staff about physical fitness could also be one of the contributing factors. Our study which was conducted in different schools in Pune with children of varied economic backgrounds attending it nearly had the same fitness levels irrespective of their economic backgrounds. Also, fitness levels were found to be nearly the same in girls and boys, both genders performed the tests equally well. It cannot be said that children were unhealthy or undernourished.

Not a single student backed out of the study, they were readily performing all the tests and nobody reported of muscle soreness post-study.

It has been established that physical fitness and participation in sporting activities are crucial to a child’s psychological development as well as intellectual development. Several positive personality traits are learned on the sports field. A fit person exudes greater self-confidence, has more energy, and is able to perform better under stress. Teachers and children need to be sensitized to these tenets. It is extremely important to design fitness programs for schools, tailored to age groups and baseline fitness characteristics that would ensure minimum physical fitness levels in the schools. 

Remember! This is just a sample.

You can get your custom paper by one of our expert writers.

Get custom essay

121 writers online


Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

experts 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help you just now

delivery Starting from 3 hours delivery

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Relationship Between Body Mass Index (BMI) And Physical Fitness. (2023, January 05). GradesFixer. Retrieved March 26, 2023, from
“Relationship Between Body Mass Index (BMI) And Physical Fitness.” GradesFixer, 05 Jan. 2023,
Relationship Between Body Mass Index (BMI) And Physical Fitness. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 26 Mar. 2023].
Relationship Between Body Mass Index (BMI) And Physical Fitness [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Jan 05 [cited 2023 Mar 26]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Where do you want us to send this sample?

    By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.


    Be careful. This essay is not unique

    This essay was donated by a student and is likely to have been used and submitted before

    Download this Sample

    Free samples may contain mistakes and not unique parts


    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    We can write you a custom essay that will follow your exact instructions and meet the deadlines. Let's fix your grades together!


    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Don't use plagiarized sources. Get your custom essay. Get custom paper

    We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!

    • Instructions Followed To The Letter
    • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
    • Unique And Plagiarism Free
    Order your paper now