Strategic Analysis of Google

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 572 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 572|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Company Overview
  3. External Analysis
  4. A. PESTEL Analysis
    B. Porter's Five Forces Analysis
  5. Internal Analysis
  6. A. SWOT Analysis
    B. Value Chain Analysis
  7. Strategic Recommendations
  8. Conclusion
  9. References


Google is known worldwide as a leading technology company, providing a wide range of products and services. The purpose of this essay is to conduct a strategic analysis of Google, evaluating its internal and external environment to provide recommendations for future strategic actions. The thesis statement of this essay is that Google should focus on leveraging its strengths and capitalizing on opportunities to maintain its competitive advantage in the rapidly evolving technology industry.

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Company Overview

Google was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, with the mission to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful. Its vision is to be an indispensable tool for the daily lives of people around the world. Google offers a wide range of products and services, including the Google search engine, Google Ads, Android operating system, YouTube, and Google Cloud. The company has a highly decentralized organizational structure, allowing for innovation and flexibility.

External Analysis

A. PESTEL Analysis

  1. Political factors: Google operates in a highly regulated industry, facing challenges related to data privacy and security regulations.
  2. Economic factors: The global economic environment can impact Google's advertising revenue and consumer spending on technology products.
  3. Sociocultural factors: Changes in consumer behavior and preferences can influence the demand for Google's products and services.
  4. Technological factors: Rapid technological advancements create both opportunities and threats for Google, requiring constant innovation to stay competitive.
  5. Environmental factors: Google has committed to sustainability, focusing on renewable energy and reducing its carbon footprint.
  6. Legal factors: Google faces legal challenges related to antitrust regulations and intellectual property rights.

B. Porter's Five Forces Analysis

  1. Threat of new entrants: The technology industry has high barriers to entry, but Google faces competition from startups and existing companies.
  2. Bargaining power of buyers: Google's products and services have a large user base, giving it some leverage in negotiations.
  3. Bargaining power of suppliers: Google relies on hardware and software suppliers, but its size allows for favorable terms.
  4. Threat of substitute products/services: There are many alternatives to Google's products and services, increasing competitive pressure.
  5. Intensity of competitive rivalry: Google faces intense competition from companies like Apple, Microsoft, and Amazon, as well as smaller competitors in various segments.

Internal Analysis

A. SWOT Analysis

  1. Strengths: Google's strong brand, diverse product portfolio, and innovative culture are key strengths.
  2. Weaknesses: Privacy concerns, regulatory challenges, and dependence on advertising revenue are potential weaknesses.
  3. Opportunities: Expansion into new markets, investment in artificial intelligence, and growth in cloud computing present opportunities for Google.
  4. Threats: Competitive pressure, cybersecurity risks, and regulatory scrutiny pose threats to Google's business.

B. Value Chain Analysis

Google's primary activities include research and development, marketing and sales, and customer service. Support activities include infrastructure development, human resources, and procurement.

Strategic Recommendations

Based on the external and internal analysis, it is recommended that Google focuses on enhancing data privacy and security measures, diversifying revenue streams beyond advertising, and investing in emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and cloud computing. These recommendations are supported by the evidence of increasing regulatory scrutiny, competitive landscape, and market trends.

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In conclusion, the strategic analysis of Google demonstrates the importance of understanding both the internal and external environment in formulating strategic recommendations. Google has a strong foundation but faces challenges that require proactive strategic actions to maintain its competitive position in the technology industry.


  1. Porter, M. E. (2008). The five competitive forces that shape strategy. Harvard Business Review.
  2. Hill, T., & Westbrook, R. (1997). SWOT analysis: It's time for a product recall. Long Range Planning.
  3. Google Investor Relations. (n.d.). Annual reports and proxy statements.
  4. Scherer, A. G., & Ross, D. (1990). Industrial market structure and economic performance. Houghton Mifflin.
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This essay was reviewed by
Prof. Linda Burke

Cite this Essay

Strategic Analysis of Google. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 15, 2024, from
“Strategic Analysis of Google.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
Strategic Analysis of Google. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Apr. 2024].
Strategic Analysis of Google [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 30 [cited 2024 Apr 15]. Available from:
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