The Johari Window: Communication and Relationships

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 514 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Feb 12, 2024

Words: 514|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Feb 12, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Main Body
  3. Conclusion
  4. References


The Johari Window, developed by Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in 1955, is a model that aims to describe human interaction and personal awareness. It consists of four quadrants that represent different aspects of personality in terms of communication and relationships. This essay will explore each quadrant and its implications for understanding oneself and others.

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Main Body

The first quadrant of the Johari Window is the open quadrant. In this window, individuals are aware of certain aspects of themselves, such as their name, and others are also aware of these aspects. This quadrant also encompasses emotions, feelings, and behaviors that define one's identity. Understanding others is crucial in this quadrant because it involves recognizing what is open to us about others and what they are also aware of (Luft and Ingham, 1955).

Moving to the right in the window, we find the blind quadrant. This quadrant represents things that others can see or know about us, but we are unaware of. For example, someone may notice a stain on our shirt or blouse that we cannot see ourselves. The blind quadrant can sometimes be misleading when trying to understand others, as we may misjudge them based on what they consciously portray. However, it also provides insight into the hidden aspects of an individual's personality.

Descending further down the window, we encounter the hidden quadrant. This quadrant refers to things that we know about ourselves but keep hidden from others. It encompasses personal emotions, likes, dislikes, and other private aspects of our identity. For instance, if we are in love with someone and have shared our feelings with them, this falls within the hidden quadrant. Opening up in this quadrant is an important step in building relationships, as it encourages others to disclose their own information, leading to a deeper understanding of one another.

The fourth and final quadrant is the unknown quadrant. This represents things that neither we nor others are aware of about ourselves. It encompasses the unknown aspects of our identity. For example, many of us may not be aware of our potential, and others may not know about it either. It is only through discovery that we become aware of these hidden traits. For instance, someone who regularly jogs may discover their talent for athletics when they decide to participate in a competition and excel. This process of self-actualization involves realizing something hidden within ourselves and others recognizing it as well.

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The Johari Window provides a framework for understanding how we relate to others. Building relationships requires mutual understanding, and this understanding begins with the open quadrant. By sharing what we know about ourselves and what we know about others, we lay the foundation for connection. As we progress, we become aware of what others do not know about themselves, which deepens our understanding of them. This leads to the sharing of hidden information, strengthening the bond between individuals. Ultimately, through interaction, we uncover what is hidden within ourselves and others, fostering self-actualization and greater awareness.


  1. Luft, J., & Ingham, H. (1955). The Johari window: A Graphical Model for Interpersonal Relations. University of Calif: Western Training Lab.
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Dr. Oliver Johnson

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The Johari Window: Communication and Relationships. (2024, February 12). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 25, 2024, from
“The Johari Window: Communication and Relationships.” GradesFixer, 12 Feb. 2024,
The Johari Window: Communication and Relationships. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 Feb. 2024].
The Johari Window: Communication and Relationships [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Feb 12 [cited 2024 Feb 25]. Available from:
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