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The words “leader” and “leadership” are often used wrongly to describe people who are actually managing. These people may be highly skilled, good at their jobs, and valuable to their organizations – but that just makes them excellent managers, not leaders. Leadership can be hard to define and it means different things to different people. In the leadership model, leaders set direction and help themselves and others to do the right thing to move forward. To do this they create a very interesting/intelligent vision, and then inspire others to reach that vision. They also manage delivery of the vision, either directly orindirectly, and build and coach their teams to make them ever stronger.
According to the theories of leadership, an effective leader is a person who does the following:
Leadership brings together the skills needed to do these things. This essay looks at each element in more detail.
In business, a vision is a realistic, convincing and attractive drawing (or description) of where you want to be in the future. Vision provides direction, sets things that are the most important, and provides a marker, so that you can tell that you’ve accomplished or gained with effort what you wanted to accomplish.
To create a vision, leaders focus on an organization’s strengths by using tools such as Porter’s Five Forces, PEST Analysis, USP Analysis, Core Smart ability Analysis and SWOT Analysis tocarefully study their current situation. They think about how their industry is likely to change (and get better), and how their competitors are likely to behave. They look at how they can create something new successfully, and shape their businesses and their success plans to succeed in future. And they test their visionswith appropriate market research, and by testing/evaluating key risks using ways of doing things such as situation analysis.
Therefore, leadership is – problem solving, looking ahead, and not being made happy (by meeting a need or reaching a goal) with things asthey are. Once they have developed their visions, leaders must make them interested and convincing. A forceful vision is one that people can see, feel, understand, and support. Effective leaders provide a rich picture of what the future will look like when theirvisions have happened.
A forceful vision provides the foundation for leadership. But its leaders’ ability to (give a reason to do something) and inspire people that helps them deliver that vision. For example, when you start a new project, you will probably have lots of excited interest (in something) for it, so it’s often easy to win support for it at the beginning. However, it can be very hard to find ways to keep your vision motivating after the first excited interest (in something) fades, especially if the team or organization needs to make big changes in the waythat it does things. Leaders recognize this, and they work hard throughout the project to connecttheir vision with people’s individual needs, goals and wishes. One of the key ways they do this is through Expectancy Explanation (of why something works or happens the way it does).
Effective leaders link together two different expectations:
This gives a reason to people to work hard to success, because they expect to enjoy rewards – both built-in and not built-in – as a result. Other approaches include the vision in terms of the benefits it will bring to theteam’s customers, and taking frequent opportunities to communicate the vision in an attractiveand engaging way. What’s especially helpful here is when leaders have expert power. People like and respect andbelieve in these leaders because they are expert in what they do.
This is the area of leadership that relates to management. Leaders must make sure of that the work needed to deliver the vision is properlymanaged – either by themselves, or by a dedicated manager or team of managers to whom theleader people (who do things for other people) this responsibility – and they need to make sure that their vision is delivered successfully.
To do this, team members need performance goals that are linked to the team’s overall vision. Our article on Performance Management and KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) explains oneway of doing this, and our Project Management section explains another. And, for day-to-daymanagement of delivering the vision, the Management By Wandering Around (MBWA) approachhelps to make sure that what should happen, really happens. Leaders also need to make sure they manage change effectively. This helps to make sure that thechanges needed to deliver the vision are used smoothly and completely, with the support andsupport of the people affected.
Individual and team development are important activities carried out by leaders. To develop a team, leaders must firstunderstand team patterns. And popular models describe this, such as Belbin’s TeamRoles approach, and Bruce Tuckman’s Forming, Storming, Norming, and Singing.
A leader will then make sure of that team members have the necessary skills and abilitiesto do their job and accomplish the vision. They do this by giving and receiving reactions regularly, and by trainingand coaching people to improve individual and team performance. Leadership also includes looking for leadership (possible greatness or power) in others. By developing leadership skills within your team, you create a surrounding condition where youcan continue success over a long time. And that’s a true measure of great leadership.
I strongly believe a leader has to be responsible for the team and the result doesn’t matter whether it is positive or negative. A leader must behave like a first-team player, the leader should set the example by doing the task in the right way. As a leader, one must have the right communication and intention when you are dealing with your team. It is the leader’s responsibility to keep the team’s status and relations within the team. A leader must develop qualities like listening, practicing and executing. There as so many theories to explain leadership and team management but I still think everything comes with experience. Learning is the key in each step to becoming a true leader.
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