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The Pros and Cons of Financial Globalization

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Words: 713 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jul 17, 2018

Words: 713|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jul 17, 2018

Table of contents

  1. Advantages and Disadvantages of globalization
  2. Conclusion
  3. References

What is financial globalization? Financial globalization is the process of integrating financial markets and institutions across national borders, which has become a defining characteristic of the modern global economy. This phenomenon involves the free flow of capital, investments, and financial services worldwide, facilitating the movement of funds and resources between countries. While financial globalization offers numerous advantages, such as improved access to credit and market expansion, it is not without its drawbacks, including the potential for economic instability and social inequalities. In this essay, we will delve into the intricacies of financial globalization, exploring both its pros and cons.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of globalization

Financial globalization plays a pivotal role in advancing the infrastructure of the financial sector. An enhanced commercial infrastructure signifies that borrowers and lenders operate within a more transparent, competitive, and efficient financial framework. In such an environment, the challenges posed by imbalanced data are mitigated, and access to credit is expanded. Consequently, financial globalization reduces adverse selection and moral hazard issues, thereby enhancing the availability of credit.

Despite the numerous advantages associated with financial globalization, it can also give rise to adverse effects. While capital inflows have been linked to significant economic growth in many developing countries, they have also been accompanied by periodic growth contractions and severe financial crises, inflicting substantial macroeconomic and social costs. These financial crises and contagion effects, occurring after nations embraced monetary liberalization and integrated into global financial markets, may lead some to argue that globalization engenders financial instability and crises. Notable instances of financial crises that garnered global attention include the crises in Uruguay (2002), Argentina (2001), Turkey (2001), and Ecuador (2000).

Furthermore, globalization can contribute to financial crises when global financial markets exhibit flaws that can give rise to speculative bubbles, irrational behavior, herd mentality, speculative outbreaks, and subsequent crashes. Deficiencies in global capital markets can trigger crises even in nations with strong and comprehensive economic fundamentals. For instance, if investors perceive the exchange rate as unsustainable, they may speculate against the currency, leading to a self-fulfilling balance-of-payments crisis, regardless of the underlying market fundamentals. If the appropriate financial infrastructure is not established during the process of integration, liberalization, and capital inflows, the domestic financial sector's stability can be compromised. If economic fundamentals deteriorate, speculative attacks may occur, resulting in capital outflows from both domestic and foreign investors.

Another potential adverse consequence of globalization is the division it can create between those able to participate in the global financial system and those forced to rely on local financial markets. In resource-deprived nations, large corporations often perceive opportunities for investment. While the initial phases of economic globalization are often portrayed as an expansion of trade and corporate growth, in many poorer countries, globalization is primarily driven by foreign corporations investing to leverage lower labor costs.

Although it is undeniable that globalization promotes free trade among nations, it also carries negative implications, as some countries strive to protect their domestic markets (Broner & Ventura, 2016). Agricultural products are a primary export for many developing nations. Developed countries frequently subsidize their farmers, resulting in lower market prices for the agricultural products of impoverished farmers compared to the cost of free trade. Another challenge of globalization lies in the fact that in an extensively interconnected global landscape, governments wield limited policy instruments. Consequently, certain global financial institutions assume greater significance.

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Conclusion

In conclusion, globalization yields both positive and negative impacts on international finance. However, a well-informed sequence of actions can enable a nation to maximize the benefits while mitigating the adverse consequences. The principal advantages of globalization include the establishment of a global market and increased financial resources for developing nations. Nevertheless, globalization can foster a divide between those integrated into the global financial system and those dependent on local financial sectors.

References

  1. Mishkin, F. S. (2007). Is financial globalization beneficial?. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 39(2‐3), 259-294. (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.0022-2879.2007.00026.x)
  2. Kose, M. A., Prasad, E. S., & Terrones, M. E. (2009). Does financial globalization promote risk sharing?. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0304387808000849 Journal of Development Economics, 89(2), 258-270.
  3. Mishkin, F. S. (2009). Why we shouldn't turn our backs on financial globalization. IMF staff papers, 56(1), 139-170. (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/imfsp.2008.30)
  4. Stulz, R. M. (2009). 1. The Limits of Financial Globalization. In Global Corporate Governance (pp. 3-16). Columbia University Press. (https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.7312/chew14854-001/html)
  5. Cao, J., & Dinger, V. (2022). Financial globalization and bank lending: The limits of domestic monetary policy. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-financial-and-quantitative-analysis/article/financial-globalization-and-bank-lending-the-limits-of-domestic-monetary-policy/F2D8C9B4744296C6087BF0D0708AC2A1 Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 57(8), 3223-3251.
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The Pros and Cons of Financial Globalization. (2023, March 01). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 22, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-pros-and-cons-of-financial-globalization/
“The Pros and Cons of Financial Globalization.” GradesFixer, 01 Mar. 2023, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-pros-and-cons-of-financial-globalization/
The Pros and Cons of Financial Globalization. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-pros-and-cons-of-financial-globalization/> [Accessed 22 Apr. 2024].
The Pros and Cons of Financial Globalization [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Mar 01 [cited 2024 Apr 22]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-pros-and-cons-of-financial-globalization/
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