The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 934 |

Pages: 2|

5 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 934|Pages: 2|5 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Historical and Legal Context of Abortion
  2. Arguments in Favor of Legal Abortion
  3. Arguments against Legal Abortion
  4. Societal Implications of Legalizing Abortion
  5. Conclusion

Abortion has been a contentious issue for centuries and has sparked heated debate around the world. Women have been seeking abortions for various reasons such as medical, economic, social, and personal needs. However, despite its prevalence, passionate opinions exist on both sides of the debate.

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The legal context of abortion varies significantly from one country to another, revealing the societal and cultural attitudes that surround the issue. In this essay, we explore the pros and cons of legalizing abortion in the context of women's reproductive rights, societal implications, and historical and legal considerations.

Historical and Legal Context of Abortion

The evolution of abortion laws has been a slow and complicated process that is often influenced by societal norms, religious beliefs, and political agendas. In ancient societies, abortions were performed as a form of birth control and family planning, while in more modern eras, they were only allowed in exceptional circumstances.

Today, the legal status of abortion varies worldwide; it is entirely illegal in some countries, while it is legal in others with varying degrees of restrictions. In countries where it is legalized, women enjoy greater access to reproductive health services and face lower mortality rates during pregnancy and childbirth. However, the lack of regulation and access to safe abortion can have severe consequences.

Arguments in Favor of Legal Abortion

Women's right to bodily autonomy and self-determination is a fundamental personhood right that cannot be denied. Women should have the freedom to choose what happens to their bodies and be trusted to make rational decisions regarding their reproductive health. By legalizing abortions, women regain control over their bodies and futures.

Legal abortions provide safer alternatives to unsafe abortions that can result in death or serious health complications. Safe and legal abortions can reduce the number of maternal mortalities and long-term health problems associated with childbirth and pregnancy. Without access to safe abortions, women are left with no choice but to seek illegal and unsafe procedures that pose significant risks to their health and lives.

Financial and social burdens that come with pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood can be overwhelming, particularly for young women and those living in poverty. Legalizing abortions can help alleviate the associated burdens and provide women and their families with a more sustainable future.

Protecting the health and life of pregnant women is paramount. In some cases, pregnancies pose severe risks to a woman's health and would jeopardize her life or result in an unsafe birth. By allowing legal abortions, the risk can be mitigated, and women can receive proper medical care without fear of criminal charges.

Arguments against Legal Abortion

The pro-life movement maintains that all forms of abortion, regardless of the reason, are morally and ethically wrong and that the sanctity of life must be preserved at all costs. Abortion is denounced for terminating an innocent life and goes against religious and moral principles. For many people, this belief is non-negotiable, making them vehemently opposed to the legalization of abortion.

Alternatives to abortion such as adoption or parenting should be explored before making the decision to terminate the pregnancy. Though adoption may be a challenging process, it is an opportunity to help a child have a better life while allowing the mother to move forward with her life. Parenthood presents challenges, but many women have been successful mothers despite their circumstances, and denying a child the chance to live goes against the value of human life.

The long-term physical and psychological consequences of abortion on women are frequently ignored by pro-choice advocates. Abortion can cause serious physical and emotional health conditions, including depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and even post-traumatic stress disorder. In extreme cases, women can experience long-term infertility.

Religious beliefs and moral values play a significant role in shaping views on abortion and its legality. These beliefs often have a powerful influence on personal decision-making and political positions on reproductive issues. For many people, faith and personal values guide them to advocate for pro-life policies and for the protection of life for the unborn.

Societal Implications of Legalizing Abortion

The implications of legalizing abortion go beyond reproductive health and individual choice. Abortions can impact population dynamics and social welfare systems. In countries with aging populations, fertility rates can be drastically affected by the widespread use of contraception and legal abortions. In societies where the resources are limited, abortion can compound social and economic issues and contribute to cyclical poverty.

Legalizing abortion can be viewed as one step forward in the fight for gender equality and women's empowerment. When women have control over their reproductive rights, they can pursue their ambitions and achieve their goals, unhindered by the additional burden of unplanned and unwanted pregnancy.

Finally, it is important to recognize that the issue of abortion is complex and contentious. There are diverse opinions on the morality, legality, and societal impacts of abortion. By promoting informed and respectful dialogue, we can find common ground and promote greater understanding on this issue.

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The decision to legalize abortion is not one that should be taken lightly. The arguments presented in this essay show that there are complex issues and implications associated with either position. It is recommended that society engages in an open and informed dialogue to explore the best resolution. We strongly believe that individuals have the right to choose what happens to their bodies and that women should have access to safe and legal abortions.

  1. "The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States." Pew Research Center, July 23, 2021,
  2. "The Ethics of Abortion." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, accessed September 22, 2021,
  3. "Abortion Worldwide 2020: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access." Guttmacher Institute, July 2020,
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The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 22, 2024, from
“The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Jun. 2024].
The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 30 [cited 2024 Jun 22]. Available from:
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