The Roe V Wade Case

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 590 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Mar 13, 2024

Words: 590|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Mar 13, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Background of the Case
  2. Central Issues
  3. Debate and Implications
  4. Conclusion
  5. Bibliography

The Roe v. Wade case is one of the most influential and controversial Supreme Court decisions in American history. This landmark case, decided in 1973, established a woman's legal right to have an abortion. It has since been a topic of heated debate, sparking discussions on women's rights, reproductive health, and the role of the government in personal decisions. In this essay, we will explore the background of the Roe v. Wade case, the arguments presented by both sides, and the lasting impact it has had on American society.

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Background of the Case

The Roe v. Wade case began with a young woman named Norma McCorvey, who used the pseudonym "Jane Roe" in the case. McCorvey became pregnant in 1970 and wanted to have an abortion, but Texas law at the time prohibited it except to save a woman's life. With the help of attorneys Linda Coffee and Sarah Weddington, McCorvey filed a lawsuit against Henry Wade, the Dallas County district attorney, challenging the constitutionality of the Texas abortion law. The case eventually made its way to the Supreme Court, where it was decided in favor of Roe in a 7-2 vote.

Central Issues

The central issue in the Roe v. Wade case was whether a woman has a constitutional right to terminate her pregnancy. The majority opinion, written by Justice Harry Blackmun, concluded that a woman's right to privacy, as protected by the Fourteenth Amendment, includes the right to make decisions about her body, including the decision to have an abortion. This landmark decision effectively legalized abortion across the United States, striking down many state laws that restricted access to the procedure.

Debate and Implications

The Roe v. Wade case sparked a fierce and ongoing debate between pro-choice and pro-life advocates. Pro-choice supporters argue that a woman has the right to make decisions about her own body, including whether to terminate a pregnancy. They also emphasize the importance of safe and legal access to abortion services, citing the risks associated with illegal and unsafe procedures. On the other hand, pro-life advocates believe that life begins at conception and that abortion is morally wrong. They argue for the protection of the unborn fetus and the rights of the unborn child.

The implications of the Roe v. Wade decision extend far beyond the realm of reproductive rights. The case has fueled political and social movements, shaping the landscape of American politics and influencing the appointment of Supreme Court justices. The debate over abortion has become a central issue in many political campaigns, with candidates and legislators taking firm stances on the issue. The case has also prompted ongoing legal challenges and efforts to restrict or expand access to abortion at the state level.

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In conclusion, the Roe v. Wade case has had a profound and lasting impact on American society. It has sparked passionate debates on women's rights, reproductive health, and the role of the government in personal decisions. The decision has also shaped the political and legal landscape, influencing the appointment of Supreme Court justices and driving ongoing efforts to restrict or expand access to abortion. Whether one supports or opposes the decision, it is clear that the Roe v. Wade case will continue to be a pivotal and contentious issue for years to come.


  • Blackmun, H. (1973). Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113. Supreme Court of the United States.
  • Garrow, D. J. (2011). Liberty and sexuality: The right to privacy and the making of Roe v. Wade. University of California Press.
  • Tushnet, M. V. (2012). The American law of abortion. University Press of Kansas.
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Cite this Essay

The Roe V Wade Case. (2024, March 13). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 29, 2024, from
“The Roe V Wade Case.” GradesFixer, 13 Mar. 2024,
The Roe V Wade Case. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 29 May 2024].
The Roe V Wade Case [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 13 [cited 2024 May 29]. Available from:
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