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Pro-life movements are those which advocate against the practice of abortion and its legality.
The term pro-life began to be used by opponents of legal abortion around the early 1970s, born from the related term "right to life".
The pro-life position stresses the humanity of both the mother and fetus, arguing that a fetus is a human person deserving of legal protection.
From Roe v. Wade in 1973 through 2017, over 60 million legal abortions are estimated to have been performed in the United States – an average of about 1.4 million abortions per year.
About one in four US women will have an abortion before age 45.
Although the Catholic and Lutheran churches oppose abortion, more of their members believe abortion should be legal in all or most cases versus illegal in all or most cases.
A woman's risk of dying from having an abortion is 0.6 in 100,000, while the risk of dying from giving birth is around 14 times higher (8.8 in 100,000).