The Use of Automation in Industrial Processes: [Essay Example], 856 words GradesFixer
exit-popup-close

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!

exit-popup-print

Professional writers and researchers

exit-popup-quotes

Sources and citation are provided

exit-popup-clock

3 hour delivery

exit-popup-persone
close
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

The Use of Automation in Industrial Processes

Download Print

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

blank-ico
Download PDF

Introduction

Industry automation of processes enhances the efficiency of labour and to reduce net cost, at the same time improving the quality of the product. The use of automated processes enhance productivity over a short period of time and it low the cost. The use of machines and robots keep increasing because their able to carry out a series of action. The objective of automating industrial processes is to:

  • Improve production reliability
  • Increase production speed
  • Improve production control
  • Reduce human error
  • Reduce labour cost
  • Increase safety
  • High productivity
  • Increase consistency
  • Improve operational efficiency.

Even though automated processes are expensive to create and implement, the capital investment required is not as great as for automated transfer lines, because work units produced on automated assembly systems are usually smaller, which means that the large mechanical forces and power requirements used for transfer line operations are not necessary. Automated assembly systems tend to be physically smaller than transfer lines, which usually reduces the cost of the system. Automate processes refer to the use of devices to accomplish task that use to be completed manually in the working line.

Basics of automating industrial processes

Our discussion here examines possible configurations for the automated assembly system, how parts are delivered to the workstation, and a brief examination of potential applications

Robots Description

Articulated Robots

  • The general configuration of a human shoulder and arm.
  • It consist of an upright body that swivels about the base using a T joint. This robot has the most degree of freedom, gives the manufacturer more versatility and makes them more appealing.
  • An articulated robot can be used for dozens of different welding, material handling, dispensing and material removal applications.
  • Polar coordinate

  • It is consists of L joint actuated relative to the body, which can rotate about both a vertical axis using T joint and horizontal axis R joint.
  • It is used for handling machine tools, spot welding, diecating, fettling machines, gas welding and arc welding.
  • SCARA (Selectively Compliant Arm for Robotic Assembly)

  • It is consist of vertical shoulder and elbow on the rotational axes
  • Perform inserting task in vertical direction
  • Cartesian Coordinate Robot

  • Has 3 orthogonal joints. to achieve linear motions in 3-dimensional rectangular work space.
  • It usually used for overhead access to load and unload production machines.
  • Delta Robot

  • It consists of 3 arms attached to the base and two rotational joint.
  • It can be used for high-speed movement of small objects, for example product packaging.

For the robots to be able to hold parts it need end effectors which are called Grippers. There are lot of possible grippers that can be used on a specific robot but it depend on what the process is about, each and every robot have its own fucntion. Types of grippers used in industrial robot applications include the following

  • Vacuum Grippers
  • It uses vacuum cups as the gripping device, which is also commonly known as suction cups. This type of grippers will provide good handling if the objects are smooth, flat, and clean. It has only one surface for gripping the object.

  • Simple Mechanical device sis used as an end effector in a robot for grasping the objects with its mechanically operated fingers. In industries, two fingers are enough for holding purposes. Such as hooks and scoop.
  • Magnetized device is used for holding ferrous parts.
  • Mechanical Gripper is used as an end effector in a robot for grasping the objects with its mechanically operated fingers. In industries, two fingers are enough for holding purposes.

We combine specific robots and gripper for them to perform some task. So thois robot can do task which where normally done by human beings. We can automate as many processes as we what by using robots. For example We can take a assembling process where a worker (W1) is required to place a work part on a conveyor belt and it is transported to a station where another worker (W2) assemble the work part and place it on the conveyor which move it to the storage place where a human worker (W3) have to take it off the conveyor and place it on the storage place.

W3W2W1 Conveyor

So instead of using worker (w1) to place a work part we can replace him by an articulated robot with a mechanical gripper as the end effector. Therefore, the articulated robot will place work piece on the conveyor we replace worker (w2) by a CNC machine which will do the assembling the work piece. After the assembly the work piece will be moved by the conveyor belt and worker (W3) replaced by an articulated robot. Then the process is automated though it will need human attendance after some period.

Conclusion

Automating a process make a company generate lot of profit and increasing the efficiency of the the process. Before we can automate we analyse the process so that we can know where to improve. Then when automation we divide our analysis into a consideration of the times, costs and benefits of automated workstations, and the times, costs and benefits of manual workstations, before combining the two to achieve the result.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

The Use of Automation in Industrial Processes. (2020, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved January 14, 2021, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-use-of-automation-in-industrial-processes/
“The Use of Automation in Industrial Processes.” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2020, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-use-of-automation-in-industrial-processes/
The Use of Automation in Industrial Processes. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-use-of-automation-in-industrial-processes/> [Accessed 14 Jan. 2021].
The Use of Automation in Industrial Processes [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2020 Jun 14 [cited 2021 Jan 14]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-use-of-automation-in-industrial-processes/
copy to clipboard
close

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.

    close

    Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

    Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample
    close

    Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you

    close

    Thanks!

    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now
    boy

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    GradesFixer.com uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.