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Industry automation of processes enhances the efficiency of labour and to reduce net cost, at the same time improving the quality of the product. The use of automated processes enhance productivity over a short period of time and it low the cost. The use of machines and robots keep increasing because their able to carry out a series of action. The objective of automating industrial processes is to:
Even though automated processes are expensive to create and implement, the capital investment required is not as great as for automated transfer lines, because work units produced on automated assembly systems are usually smaller, which means that the large mechanical forces and power requirements used for transfer line operations are not necessary. Automated assembly systems tend to be physically smaller than transfer lines, which usually reduces the cost of the system. Automate processes refer to the use of devices to accomplish task that use to be completed manually in the working line.
Our discussion here examines possible configurations for the automated assembly system, how parts are delivered to the workstation, and a brief examination of potential applications
For the robots to be able to hold parts it need end effectors which are called Grippers. There are lot of possible grippers that can be used on a specific robot but it depend on what the process is about, each and every robot have its own fucntion. Types of grippers used in industrial robot applications include the following
It uses vacuum cups as the gripping device, which is also commonly known as suction cups. This type of grippers will provide good handling if the objects are smooth, flat, and clean. It has only one surface for gripping the object.
We combine specific robots and gripper for them to perform some task. So thois robot can do task which where normally done by human beings. We can automate as many processes as we what by using robots. For example We can take a assembling process where a worker (W1) is required to place a work part on a conveyor belt and it is transported to a station where another worker (W2) assemble the work part and place it on the conveyor which move it to the storage place where a human worker (W3) have to take it off the conveyor and place it on the storage place.
So instead of using worker (w1) to place a work part we can replace him by an articulated robot with a mechanical gripper as the end effector. Therefore, the articulated robot will place work piece on the conveyor we replace worker (w2) by a CNC machine which will do the assembling the work piece. After the assembly the work piece will be moved by the conveyor belt and worker (W3) replaced by an articulated robot. Then the process is automated though it will need human attendance after some period.
Automating a process make a company generate lot of profit and increasing the efficiency of the the process. Before we can automate we analyse the process so that we can know where to improve. Then when automation we divide our analysis into a consideration of the times, costs and benefits of automated workstations, and the times, costs and benefits of manual workstations, before combining the two to achieve the result.
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