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Almost two centuries ago Tom Paine spoke the mind of many people when he said “These are times that cry men’s soul.” What would he say today, were he here to see the frightful weapons of the atomic age, the deterioration of international relations, and the failure of the most powerful states to device formulas for living together without the ever- present threat of war.
The history of man is the history of the endless struggle for durable peace and security. The crisis of our age is no temporary one. In today’s globally connected fast changing world, every country has relations with others at all places around the globe. These are their International Relations. These International Relations have today become truly international and are characterized by a high degree of interaction and interdependence. Clearly international system is changing in innumerable ways. These come with the ideal thoughts of peacefully connecting the nations and people together but almost all issues and studies in international relations lead directly or indirectly to the question of war and peace,questions which today more than anything need answeres.
War has been a recurrent phenomenon throughout human history, at threat to the global peace. Each war is followed by some sort of an adjustment of organizations for peace which contains in itself the seeds of the next war. From the concert of Europe to the League of Nations, we have erected many a structure of peace. But these proved inadequate to meet the challenge of war. The League of Nations did not fail because of its principles and conceptions . It failed because the Government of those states feared to face the facts and act while time remained. This disaster must not be repeated.
From the ashes of a League of Nations, was born the United Nations General Assembly. It came into existence on 24th October 1995. It asked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order and global peace. The organization was established after the World War 2, with the aim of preventing another such conflict. Though attaining global peace is essential at this time but its always hard to make peace with someone when you learn about the conflicts that you fought in the past. We still shed tears for the attacks of 9/11, 26/11, 2013 Iraq attacks,1993 Bombay bombardings, Pan Am Flight 103 and many more uncounted . Disturbed international relations are the hinderances in the ultimate way to global peace.
But then there is always a diplomacy in the peace and war. This is what North Korea’s senator Kim Jong UN means when he celebrates an extraordinarily powerful but devasting Hydrogen Bomb,when China intends on claiming a total of seven man –made islands in the waters of South China Sea. China has always been in the top news ever since. May it be unreliable products or be it its recent,largest Cutter Suction Dredger, The Tian Kun Hao. It was taken to the water on 3rd November 2017 in Oidong, China. Measuring 140 meters long, the vessel is capable of dredging 6,000 cubic meters per hour. It is China’s magic ship capable of creating artificial islands. It can dig upto 35 meters deep a maximum conveyance of 15,000 meters. This emerged as problem for not only the four neighbouring countries of China: Philippines, Malaysia,Indonesia and Vietnam but the whole world actually when the digging took up the shape of seven man made islands. This was far from realization of anyone.
China’s hard labour in setting up these seven and counting islands has brought all the countries together to give it a serious thought. On these islands China has setup its military bases which were equipped with radar systems, runway and military defence systems along with 200 serving soldiers. With the help of these islands China is planning its Cabbage strategy to overpower an important part of the ocean ;China Sea. This part of the ocean is fairly rich in minerals,natural resources etc. On an estimation, there is a total of 11 billion barral of oil,190 trillion cubic feet natural gas resources and 10% of the world’s fish is found here.
But the major concerning issues are that tell us that the 30% of the world’s shipping business happens to travel via this South China Sea. According to the United Nations Convention on the laws of the sea,each country has an access to its shoreline within the EEZ range (Exclusive Economic Zones) i.e.200 knautical miles. But China averts with any rule and suggest that according to 9-dash line,the 90% of the waters of the South China Sea come under its excess.
According to the intellectuals, China is sure to capture the islands in the South China Sea so as to have full control over the whole region. Dating back to history, when Japan lost its full control after the World War 2, China has kept an eye on this eversince.
Recently sensing this threat to the whole world,when America sent its naval troops to settle the matter, China backfired the American troops in return for it. China is, clearly seen, is not going to stop this before it has its full territorial,economic, political trade,control over the countries .
The time is not much far away when the World War 3 will break out and surely it will total war. But it is always upto the most superior creation of God to handle any mess that he himself has created. Its still time we start looking for ways to improve the international relations that will help to attain global peace in true sense.
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