About Marijuana: an Look at Medical and Legal Issues

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 786 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Feb 7, 2024

Words: 786|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Feb 7, 2024


Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Medical Marijuana
  3. Recreational Marijuana
  4. Marijuana Laws and Policies
  5. Marijuana and Criminal Justice
  6. Marijuana and the Economy
  7. Conclusion


Marijuana has a long and complex history of use, both for medicinal and recreational purposes. Despite its widespread use, marijuana remains a controversial topic due to its legal status and the potential medical and social consequences of its use. This essay will provide an overview of medical and recreational marijuana, laws and policies surrounding marijuana, its impact on criminal justice, and the economic implications of legalization.

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Medical Marijuana

Medical marijuana refers to the use of the marijuana plant or its extracts to treat medical conditions. It has been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, including chronic pain, nausea, and seizures. Medical marijuana is currently legal in 36 states in the US, and many countries around the world have similar policies.

Conditions treated with medical marijuana include chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, and cancer-related symptoms. Studies have shown that marijuana can be effective in treating these conditions, with fewer side effects than traditional medications. Medical marijuana has also been shown to help reduce opioid dependence, as it can be used as a less addictive painkiller.

Controversies surrounding medical marijuana include concerns about its safety and efficacy, its impact on mental health, and potential for abuse. However, many of these concerns have been addressed by the development of medical marijuana regulations and guidelines.

Recreational Marijuana

Recreational marijuana is marijuana used for non-medical purposes, such as to achieve a “high” or for social use. Recreational marijuana has been legalized in 16 states in the US, as well as in several countries around the world.

Effects of recreational marijuana use include altered perception, impaired memory and concentration, and increased heart rate. Long-term use can lead to addiction, respiratory problems, and mental health issues. However, the risks of using marijuana are relatively low compared to other drugs, such as alcohol and opioids.

Controversies surrounding recreational marijuana include concerns about its impact on public health and safety, such as impaired driving, and its potential for addiction. Legalization of recreational marijuana is a contentious issue, with arguments for and against legalization based on social, economic, and public health considerations.

Marijuana Laws and Policies

Marijuana laws and policies vary widely between countries and states. In the US, marijuana remains illegal at the federal level, but many states have legalized medical and/or recreational marijuana. This has led to conflicts between state and federal law enforcement agencies.

Decriminalization refers to the removal of criminal penalties for marijuana possession and use, while legalization refers to the creation of a legal market for marijuana. Decriminalization has been shown to reduce the number of marijuana-related arrests and convictions, while legalization can generate significant tax revenue and create jobs in the marijuana industry.

Marijuana policies in different countries also vary widely, with some countries, such as the Netherlands and Uruguay, legalizing recreational marijuana, while others maintain strict prohibition policies. The impact of marijuana laws on society depends on a variety of factors, including the cultural and political context in which they are implemented.

Marijuana and Criminal Justice

Marijuana-related arrests and convictions have been a significant source of controversy in the US. Despite similar rates of use among different racial groups, Black Americans are disproportionately arrested and convicted for marijuana-related offenses. This has led to calls for criminal justice reform to address racial disparities and reduce the burden of marijuana-related law enforcement on the justice system.

The cost of marijuana-related law enforcement and incarceration is also a significant concern. The war on drugs, of which marijuana has been a major target, has cost billions of dollars in taxpayer money and has had little impact on reducing drug use. Efforts to reform marijuana-related criminal justice policies include reducing or eliminating criminal penalties for marijuana possession and use, expunging marijuana-related criminal records, and investing in community-based programs to address drug addiction and related issues.

Marijuana and the Economy

Marijuana legalization has significant economic implications, both positive and negative. Legalizing marijuana creates a new industry, with opportunities for job creation and tax revenue. The marijuana industry is projected to be worth billions of dollars in the coming years, and states that have legalized marijuana have seen significant increases in tax revenue.

However, there are also potential economic drawbacks to marijuana legalization. Legalization could lead to increased use, which could have negative social and economic consequences. Additionally, legalization could lead to increased regulatory costs and challenges, as well as potential conflicts with federal law.

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Marijuana is a complex and controversial topic, with a long history of use and a variety of potential medical, social, and economic consequences. While there is still much to be learned about the effects of marijuana, it is clear that current policies and laws are in need of reform. The future of marijuana laws and policies will depend on continued research and debate, as well as political and cultural shifts in attitudes towards drug use and addiction.


  • National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2021). Marijuana. Retrieved from
  • (2021). Legal medical marijuana states and DC. Retrieved from
  • Sachs, J. (2020). The economics of marijuana legalization. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 39(2), 422-430.
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2019). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. PEP19-5068, NSDUH Series H-54). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
  • The Guardian. (2021). Marijuana legalization: What are the different approaches around the world? Retrieved from
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About Marijuana: An Look at Medical and Legal Issues. (2023, February 07). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 25, 2024, from
“About Marijuana: An Look at Medical and Legal Issues.” GradesFixer, 07 Feb. 2023,
About Marijuana: An Look at Medical and Legal Issues. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 Feb. 2024].
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