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Alexander III The Great

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Alexander III was born in Pella, Macedonia, in 356 B.C. to King Philip II and Queen Olympias. He also was the ruler of Macedonia and Persia. Philip II the second was raised to be a great military man. He turned Macedonia into a army type force to be reckoned with, and he always wanted to capture the massive Persian Empire. The question is was Alexander a good person or a completely bad person for what he was doing? At the age 12, he tamed a wild horse by the name Bucephalus, also Bucephalus was a fierce stallion that had a furious determination. Later during him growing up Bucephalus became his fighting horse.

When Alexander was 13, Philip had an interest on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son. Aristotle sparked and fostered Alexander’s interest in literature, science, medicine and philosophy. When Alexander was just 16, Philip went to battle the Byzantines and left him in charge of Macedonia. In 338 B.C., Alexander saw a chance to prove his military worth and led a army against the Sacred Band of Thebes. In 336 B.C., Alexander’s father Philip was assassinated. At the age 20, Alexander claimed the Macedonian throne and killed his rivals before they could go against him He also quashed rebellions for independence in northern Greece. Once he’d cleaned house, Alexander left to follow in his father’s footsteps and continue Macedonia’s world domination. He also rejected rebellions for independence in northern Greece. In 333 B.C., Alexander and his men found a massive Persian army led by King Darius III near the town of Issus in southern Turkey. Alexander’s forces were greatly outnumbered in men but not in experience or the determination for revenge and to claim Persia’s great wealth. When it became clear Alexander would win the battle, Darius fled with what remained of his troops, leaving his wife and family behind.

His mother, Sisygambis, was so upset she disowned him and adopted Alexander as her son. During all the years he fought he never lost a fight because he was a brilliant fighter and a great military man. Alexander took over the Phoenician cities of Marathus and Aradus. He rejected a plea from Darius for peace and took over the towns of Byblos and Sidon. He then laid siege to the heavily guard the island of Tyre in January 332 B.C., after the Tyrians refused him from entering, but Alexander had no navy to speak of and Tyre was surrounded by water. Alexander instructed his men to build a causeway to reach Tyre. The building of the causeway went well until they came within striking distance of the Tyrians. Tyrian forces Alexander’s clever attempts to gain entry, and he realized he needed a strong navy to defeat their defenses.

He breached the city’s walls in July 332 B.C. and executed thousands of Tyrians for daring to defy him and many others were sold into slavery. By 323 B.C., Alexander was head of an enormous empire and had recovered from the devastating loss of his friend Hephaestion. He started plans to conquer Arabia, but he died before he actually did it. He died on June 323 B.C. at age 32. Alexander The Great was a great person because he had lots of military experience and he was conquering, also taking control of many countries. He had to fight for his life for his country Macedonia, also he was following his father footsteps and did the things he would do. He also did the things a country needed to keep a country controlled.

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