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Bonifacio – a National Hero that Fight for The Filipinos

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Bonifacio – a National Hero that Fight for The Filipinos essay

Our national heroes really played an important role in achieving our country’s freedom. One example of a national hero that fight for the Filipinos is Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro who sacrificed himself to obtain freedom from our Spanish colonizers. Yet to this day we still don’t know who is really responsible for Bonifacio’s death? It is one of the many questions left unanswered in the history of our country. There are so many questions and theories surrounding the death of Bonifacio. Was it really Auginaldo’s fault? Or his comrades?

To this day Bonifacio’s death remain questionable. Before we answer this question we should first learn the history of Bonifacio and the events that leads to his demise. Andrés Bonifacio y de Castrowas was born on November 30, 1863 in Calle Azcarraga, now known as Claro M. Recto Avenue in Tondo, Manila. His parents were Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro. Andres was the eldest of five. His other siblings were Ciriaco, Procopio, Troadio, Esperidiona and Maxima. Bonifacio was first married to his neighbour in Tondo named Monica of Palomar unfortunately Monica died of leprosy after just 1 year of marriage. In 1892 a 29-year-old Bonifacio was married to 18-year old Gregoria Álvarez de Jesús. The two were married in 1892, both in Catholic and Katipunan rites. Before they got married in March 1892, she joined the Katipunan adopting the name LakambiniBonifacio was one of the founding members of José Rizal’s La Liga Filipina in 1892. However, La Liga was disbanded after only one meeting because Rizal was arrested and deported to Dapitan.

In July 7, 1892 the day after Rizal’s deportation was announced, Bonifacio and the others have officially founded the Katipunan. In August 19, 1896 Bonifacio led thousands of Katipunan members to a mass gathering in Caloocan, where they decided to start their uprising. The event, marked by the tearing of cedulas also known as “Cry of Balintawak” or “Cry of Pugad Lawin” On March 22, 1897, a convention was held in Tejeros in order to settle the dispute between the two councils and to decide on what type of government should be installed. The elections started and Emilio Aguinaldo was voted as president while Bonifacio was given the position of Director of Interior. On March 23, 1897, the day after the Tejeros convention, Bonifacio and his men met again in the Tejeros estate house and drafted a document called Acta de Tejeros which called for the rejection of the election that happened. This document was signed by Bonifacio and 44 others to no avail. In late April, Aguinaldo fully assumed the presidential office. In April 1897. This is where the story ends and the argument that “Is Aguinaldo really the one to be blamed for Bonifacio’s death?”According to Teodoro Agoncillo’s account entitled “The Philippine Revolution of 1896”, Is that with Bonifacio’s defeat in the Tejeros convention. He, Procopio and his followers rebelled against the newly established government. However things started going downhill when all his men were either captured or died fighting in battle with this the Bonifacio brothers where captured and trialled by the Military court headed by General Mariano Riego de Dios and General Mariano Noriel. Upon reaching the decision, they conferred it to General Aguinaldo. Aguinaldo then decided that their punishment should be banishment. But then the council retorted and convinced Aguinaldo to retract his Decision to Death by firing squad.

In this perspective while Aguinaldo may indeed be the one to blame for the death of Bonifacio, the blame should be also placed on his inner circle especially the elite for their negative influence to Aguinaldo who encourage Bonifacio to change the Banishment that was first sentenced to Capital punishment. While In the record of General Pio Del Pilar. Aguinaldo have ordered to excecute the Bonifacio brothers but changed his mind and granted pardon for both Andres and Procopio however it was too late for the letter to arrive to General Noriel’s headquarters in Maragondon because at that time Auginaldo was somewhere around Mt. Buntis and Maragondon. Hence the excecution that was planned happened. The letter that contains the grant of pardon only arrives at the headquarters when the Bonifacio brothers were already executed.

In this perspective Auginaldo’s men were the ones responsible for the death of Bonifacio. Before the execution of the Bonifacio Brother’s. Aguinaldo granted pardon to the Bonifacio’s yet it was never clear why the letter did not arrive at time maybe it was because his General Noriel believes that keeping Bonifacio alive is to endanger the cause of revolution thus why the letter did not arrive at time. There are so many sides in the story of how Bonifacio died. In some accounts Bonifacio was never sentenced to banishment and goes straight to Capital punishment to prove that Aguinaldo really commuted the brothers to banishment we should look at this letter that Aguinaldo wrote in March 22, 1948 the day before his birthday. The letter was certified authentic by Teodoro Agoncillo and published in his book ‘Revolt of the Masses’. Aguinaldo’s letter translates to “Nang matanto nina Heneral Mariano Noriel, Heneral Pio del Pilar, na mga Kagawad ng Consejo de Guerra ay dali-daling tinawagan ang aking pansin at sinabing ‘Kung ibig po ninyong magpatuloy ang kapanatagan n gating pamahalaang mapanghimagsik, at kung ibig ninyong mabuhay pa tayo, ay inyo pong bawiin ang iginawad na indukto sa magkapatid na iyan. ’ Dahil dito’y aking binawi at inutos ko kay Heneral Noriel na ipatupad ang kahatulan ng Consejo de Guerra, na barili ang magkapatid, alang-alang sa kapanatagan ng bayan. [Pirmado] Emilio Aguinaldo, Kawit, Cabite, 22 Marso 1948. ” In this letter Bonifacio really sentenced the borthers to banishment yet was influenced by his generals Noriel and Pio to carry out the execution for the revolution’s sake.

Aguinaldo may indeed have his faults with the death of Bonifacio but the blame should also be placed on the persons around him who influenced his decision. We have to consider that he was 28 or 29 when he became president and that he was also surrounded by traditional politicians. Aguinaldo is not solely responsible for Bonifacio’s death but also his inner circle who have big impact on his decisions. The death of Bonifacio only proves that the Filipinos that time were not yet united. Even though Filipinos like Andres Bonifacio fights for our freedom some Filipinos chose to betray their own country and work for the Spaniards instead of fighting our Spanish colonializers.

Bonifacio was a man of bravery. Bonifacio did not stop fighting despite of the hardships he encounter Bonifacio continued to fight for his country Bonifacio showed us that the Philippines is for Filipinos only and that no one can take our independence from us not even Spain. What hurts the most is that Bonifacio did not die in the hands of the Spaniards, like Jose Rizal, but at the hands of his own countrymen.

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Bonifacio – A National Hero That Fight For The Filipinos. (2020, July 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved September 28, 2022, from
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