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October 11, 1884
November 7, 1962 (aged 78)
Spouse Franklin D. Roosevelt; 6 children, including Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr., James Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt.
American diplomat, humanitarian and first lady of the United States (1933-1945)
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born on October 11, 1884, in Manhattan, New York City. She was the daughter of Elliott Roosevelt and Anna Hall Roosevelt and the niece of Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States. Both her parents died before she was 10. At the age of 15, she was sent to Allenswood Academy, a girls’ boarding school outside London.
When Eleanor returned to New York, Franklin Roosevelt, began to court her, and they were married on March 17, 1905. Between 1906 and 1916 Eleanor gave birth to six children. Eleanor Roosevelt volunteered with the American Red Cross and in Navy hospitals during World War I. In the 1920s, she became active in Democratic Party politics. In 1918, Eleanor discovered her husband was having an affair with her social secretary.
Franklin Roosevelt was sworn in as president in March 1933. During her 12 years as first lady, she focused on helping the country's poor, stood against racial discrimination and, during World War II, traveled abroad to visit U.S. troops. President Roosevelt died from a cerebral hemorrhage on April 12, 1945, at age 63.
Eleanor Roosevelt served as chairman of the Commission on Human Rights in 1946–51 and she played a major role in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. In the last decade of her life she continued to play an active part in the Democratic Party, working for the election of Democratic presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson in 1952 and 1956.
Eleanor Roosevelt died at age 78, in 1962, in New York City from aplastic anemia, tuberculosis and heart failure. She was buried next to her husband on the grounds of the Roosevelt estate in Hyde Park.
Eleanor Roosevelt was a revolutionary first lady, one of the most ambitious and outspoken women to ever live in the White House. She is remembered as a humanitarian who dedicated much of her life to fighting for political and social change.
"No one can make you feel inferior without your consent."
"Do what you feel in your heart to be right – for you’ll be criticized anyway."
"The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams."
"I am who I am today because of the choices I made yesterday."
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