Farewell Address - The Final George Washington's Request to American Society

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 1193 |

Pages: 3|

6 min read

Published: May 24, 2022

Words: 1193|Pages: 3|6 min read

Published: May 24, 2022


Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Core Ideas of George Washington's Farewell Address
  3. Emphasis on Unity and Preservation of the Union
    Critique of Political Parties
    Advocacy for Neutrality in Foreign Affairs
  4. Conclusion


Upon completing his second term, George Washington formally stepped down from his position as President of the United States. Utilizing this pivotal moment, Washington articulated his political beliefs and vision for the nation through what is now known as the Farewell Address — a final message, or admonition, to the American people. This essay explores the genesis and collaborative effort behind the address, highlighting its role in shaping the foundational principles of the United States.

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In crafting this address, Washington wasn't working alone. In 1792, while contemplating retirement, James Madison provided him with notes to aid in preparing a farewell speech. Although Washington chose to continue his presidency at the time, these notes resurfaced in 1796, forming the basis for his farewell address. Subsequently, Washington sought feedback from Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, leading to revisions and critiques.

This collaborative effort resulted in the development of Washington’s Farewell Address, which encapsulated the beliefs of prominent nationalist figures. These individuals lived during a transformative period, witnessing the transition of the American colonies to independent states. They played pivotal roles in shaping the nation's foundation and tirelessly advocated for the rights of its citizens. Their collective aspiration was to see the nation prosper while upholding essential values. Regrettably, their warnings were largely disregarded, leading to adverse consequences. In the Farewell Address, Washington cautioned against societal discord, warned against the pitfalls of political partisanship, and advocated for cautious engagement with foreign nations — yet, these warnings were not heeded.

Core Ideas of George Washington's Farewell Address

Emphasis on Unity and Preservation of the Union

George Washington's Farewell Address emphasized the imperative of maintaining national unity. He argued that the nation's strength and freedom stemmed from its collective efforts, with every region contributing to the common good. Washington cautioned against allowing regional differences, particularly between the North and South, to breed division, urging instead to leverage diversity for collective strength. Despite his warnings, the nation plunged into civil war in 1861 over issues surrounding slavery, culminating in 1865. The secessionist sentiments expressed by Southern states ran counter to Washington's vision of a unified nation. He cited historical disputes, such as those surrounding the Mississippi River, as examples of the federal government's role in safeguarding national interests against sectional interests. Washington underscored the untrustworthiness of those who sought to divide the nation, emphasizing the potential for prevention had the Northern and Southern states worked together against sectionalism. However, disunion wasn’t the sole concern addressed in Washington’s Farewell Address.

Critique of Political Parties

In his Farewell Address, George Washington raises concerns about the detrimental effects of political parties. These factions began emerging around 1787, and today the United States witnesses the dominance of two major parties—Democrats and Republicans—alongside approximately two dozen third parties. Washington feared that such party divisions could undermine the nation's integrity and make it susceptible to foreign influence. He argued that the pursuit of power and the resulting competition between parties fostered corruption and exacerbated societal divisions. Instead of prioritizing the welfare of the American people, political parties often prioritize their own interests, leading to a distortion of democratic principles. Washington highlighted how parties suppress individual opinions, as people conform to the ideologies of their chosen party, rather than expressing their own beliefs. While acknowledging that political parties could potentially provide checks and balances, Washington ultimately condemns their negative impact, asserting that the disadvantages outweigh any potential benefits. This caution against the dangers of political partisanship extends to foreign relations as well.

Advocacy for Neutrality in Foreign Affairs

A significant aspect of Washington's Farewell Address is his advocacy for maintaining neutrality and limiting involvement in foreign affairs. He asserts that pursuing peace with other nations is not only sensible but also a moral imperative. By adhering to a policy of neutrality, the United States sets an example as a principled and enlightened nation, thereby reaping benefits for its own prosperity. Washington warns against entangling alliances and rivalries, citing historical examples such as the Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis, which resulted in severe economic consequences for both the US and Cuba. He argues that alliances can compel the nation to involve itself in conflicts that are not in its best interest, potentially creating more adversaries than allies. Moreover, Washington cautions against the pitfalls of showing favoritism towards other nations, as it can breed resentment and corruption. Thus, he advocates for a policy of non-interference in foreign affairs, suggesting that by maintaining a low profile, the nation can avoid unnecessary complications and focus on its own development.


George Washington's Farewell Address encapsulated his core beliefs and aspirations for the growth and prosperity of the United States. Despite the straightforwardness of his decision to step down from the presidency, Washington's patriotism reverberates throughout his letter. Though his tone may have appeared stern or solemn, the substance and urgency of his words underscored his lifelong dedication to his country. As the nation's first president, Washington felt a profound duty to alert citizens to the perils he had observed and to offer guidance on averting them in the future.

Washington's message urged Americans to prioritize unity, both geographically and politically, while advocating for minimal involvement in foreign affairs. Yet, as time passed, his warnings were largely disregarded, and his counsel went unheeded. Regrettably, the dishonorable behavior he cautioned against persists to this day, and the consequences of neglecting his farewell address become increasingly apparent.

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In reflecting on George Washington's farewell address, it becomes evident that his insights remain relevant and poignant in the contemporary political landscape. As citizens, it is imperative that we heed his warnings and strive to uphold the values and principles he championed.


  1. Chernow, R. (2010). Washington: A Life. Penguin Books.
  2. Ellis, J. J. (2004). His Excellency: George Washington. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.
  3. Brookhiser, R. (1997). Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington. Simon and Schuster.
  4. Freeman, D. S. (1968). George Washington: A Biography (Vol. 7). Scribner.
  5. Flexner, J. T. (1969). George Washington: Anguish and Farewell (1793-1799). Little, Brown and Company.
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Farewell Address – the Final George Washington’s Request to American Society. (2022, May 24). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 25, 2024, from
“Farewell Address – the Final George Washington’s Request to American Society.” GradesFixer, 24 May 2022,
Farewell Address – the Final George Washington’s Request to American Society. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 Feb. 2024].
Farewell Address – the Final George Washington’s Request to American Society [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2022 May 24 [cited 2024 Feb 25]. Available from:
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