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How Animal Testing Benefits Us from Diseases

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Animal testing contributed to many life saving cures and treatments. We humans share 95% of our genes with a mouse, making them an effective model for the human body.

  1. How Animal testing benefits us from kidney failure. Each year, an average of 5,000 people develop kidney failure and every one-third of these people would pass away without any kidney transplant or a regular dialysis .Animal experiments Joseph E. Murray and a few scientists were involved an experiment. To master the surgical technique for organ transplantation, it was carried out on pig and dogs in 1950’s. However, rejection of new organ became a problem. That’s when Cyclosporine which was discovered in 1972 came in, which is extracted from a species of fungus, and was found to prevent the rejection of a new organ in mice. Thereafter, Cyclosporine was tested on dogs that have undergone organ transplant, thus resulting in a 3-times increase in survival rate. What’s animal testing has done for humans? Without the help of animal testing, It would be impossible for human-being to perfect surgical techniques. With the help of animal testing, around 16,000 kidney patients benefited from kidney transplants each year, without the need to go for regular dialysis anymore.
  2. How Animals testing benefits us from cancer. Research show that every 1 out of 10 women will diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. Animal experiments. In 1960’s scientist research that hormone changes can influence the breast tumors cells in rats. Which led to development of Tamoxifen which was discovered in 1967. After further experiment with animal testing, it show a positive result of preventing the growth of cancers cells.

Why animals? Animal testing is a way where human can do research and find cure for a illness before testing it on human. The initial use of animals here has now meant an alternative to animals for breast cancer research. Tamoxifen work showed that lab grown cultures of human tumor cells will respond to drugs that are effective in patients. Without animal testing it may not have been possible to show that the cell culture results were relevant and reliable. Animal studies, mainly rats and mice, have also been crucial in the development of monoclonal antibody treatments such as Herceptin.

What’s it done for humans? With the help of animal testing, scientist was able to find a treatment for breast cancer. Today, breast cancer is of one the second most survivable female cancer, with a increase of 77% in survival rate. Tamoxifen was introduced in the 90s, is a medication that is used to help prevent and treat breast cancer in women or men by stopping the growth of hormone breast cancer cells, which had lead to 30% decrease in death rates from breast cancer. Today Tamoxifen has proven that it can help to prevent breast cancer in high-risk women.

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