Repercussions of World War 2

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 703 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 703|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Positive Repercussions
  3. Economic Growth and Industrial Advancements
    Advancements in Medicine and Healthcare
    Global Cooperation and Establishment of International Organizations
  4. Negative Repercussions
  5. Massive Loss of Life and Destruction
    Humanitarian Crises and Displacement
    Emergence of the Nuclear Age and Arms Race
  6. Conclusion
  7. References


World War 2 was one of the most significant events in human history, leaving a lasting impact on society, economics, politics, and culture. Its aftermath has created both positive and negative repercussions that influence the world up to this day.

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As a college student, it is important to understand these repercussions and how they shape our modern world. This essay will examine the positive and negative effects of World War 2 on global society and culture.

Positive Repercussions

Despite the enormous devastation that World War 2 brought, it also spawned positive changes that transformed the world in numerous ways.

Economic Growth and Industrial Advancements

World War 2 was characterized by an incredible increase in production and industrial output as nations mobilized their economies to support the war effort. As a result:

  1. The US economy expanded and became the world's leading economic power.
  2. Europe and Japan, after being devastated by the war, experienced rapid reconstruction and economic growth.
  3. Technological advancements were also evident, with new innovations in aviation, radio communications, radar, and rockets that revolutionized modern warfare and later civilian technologies.

Advancements in Medicine and Healthcare

World War 2 also led to significant improvements in medicine and healthcare. Most notably:

  1. The discovery of penicillin and other antibiotics that saved countless lives and revolutionized public health.
  2. Enhanced surgical techniques, especially in emergency medicine and trauma surgery, enabled swift treatment of injured soldiers thus reducing death rates significantly.

Global Cooperation and Establishment of International Organizations

Finally, World War 2 resulted in the establishment of global institutions that facilitated international cooperation and laid the foundation for peace post-war:

  1. The United Nations was established to promote international peace and security. It serves as a forum for countries to discuss and resolve global issues.
  2. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN General Assembly to affirm a common understanding of fundamental human rights that should be protected and respected by all nations.

Negative Repercussions

World War 2 had devastating consequences that still affect our world today. These negative repercussions include:

Massive Loss of Life and Destruction

World War 2 was the deadliest conflict in human history, with an estimated 70 million casualties, including military personnel and civilians, and the destruction of towns and cities.

  1. The Holocaust and genocide wiped out millions of innocent lives as the Nazi regime attempted to eradicate Jews, Roma, disabled people, and other 'undesirables'
  2. The dropping of atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki caused the deaths of 200,000 people and ushered humanity into the nuclear age that threatened humanity and still have the potential to endanger our world to this day.
  3. Much of Europe and Asia were left in ruins, with damaged infrastructure that took years to rebuild.

Humanitarian Crises and Displacement

World War 2 also caused significant humanitarian crises that continue to impact millions of people today:

  1. The Holocaust and genocide led to massive displacement of people, with millions of refugees who had lost everything they had: families, homes, and possessions. The war forced millions more to flee their homes, with massive displacement throughout Europe and Asia.

Emergence of the Nuclear Age and Arms Race

The development and use of nuclear weapons during World War 2 changed the course of science, history, and humanity. It also brought about significant, long-lasting, and hazardous geopolitical developments, including:

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  1. The emergence of the nuclear age, characterized by the arms race between the US and Soviet Union, creating the potential for unthinkable damage to humanity.
  2. The development of the Cold War, which saw decades-long political tension, and proxy wars, where nations fought each other indirectly with pain and suffering from citizens of these third-party countries dragged into the conflict.


In conclusion, the impact of World War 2 was profound, with both positive and negative repercussions. Economic growth, technological advancements, international cooperation, and establishment of global organizations are the positive sides that have fostered global development and progress. Humanitarian crises, massive loss of life and destruction, and the emergence of the nuclear age are some of the negative effects that still impact us even decades after the war. For college students, it is crucial to understand these repercussions to comprehend the complexities and dynamics of the modern global community fully.


  1. "The Effects of World War 2" - The National WWII Museum; retrieved from
  2. "Positive and Negative Effects of World War 2" -; retrieved from
  3. "World War II: Aftermath" - Ducksters Education Site; retrieved from
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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Repercussions of World War 2. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 13, 2024, from
“Repercussions of World War 2.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
Repercussions of World War 2. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 13 Apr. 2024].
Repercussions of World War 2 [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 30 [cited 2024 Apr 13]. Available from:
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