This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Unprotected Sex and HIV Transmission.

downloadDownload printPrint

Remember! This is just a sample.

You can get your custom paper by one of our expert writers.

Get custom essay

121 writers online


Several occasions that sex partners go unprotected sex

Consuming alcohol prior to sex is a major factor of unprotected sex in partners. Aresearch has predicted that Probability of having sex increases as participantsconsume any amount of alcohol and consume the increasingamount of alcohol. Secondly, probabilityof having unprotected sex increases as participants consume increasing amountof alcohol.

Powerdifference Sometimes peopleare afraid of their partner’s reactionand cannot ask the other to wear a condom during sex which increases the probability of getting ortransmitting HIV. This is an example of how power difference is harmful. It iseven harder to ask a partner to wear a condom in abusive and violentrelationships.

How is HIV transmitted through sex?

HIV occursthrough transfer of blood, pre-ejaculation, semen and vaginal fluids. Thereason why sexual activity is a risk for transmission of HIV is that it allows for the exchange of body fluids like blood, semen and vaginal secretions between partners.

The most commonway of transmission of HIV in the worldis unprotected vaginal intercourse. It has been revealed in a study thatmale-to-female HIV transmission during vaginal intercourse is notably morelikely than female-to-male HIV transmission. That is to say, HIV-positive mentransmit the virus to HIV-negative women through vaginal intercourse more than theHIV-positive women transmit the virus to HIV-negative men because of the larger surface area of mucosal tissues ofwomen and lining of both the vagina and cervix arerich in immune system cells which can damage easily. HIV is transmitted in menoccurs through the lining of urethra inside the tip of the penis or through a wound or cut on penisforeskin.

There is a highrisk of occurring HIV through anal intercourse. A receptive partner is at muchhigher risk for HIV during unprotected anal intercourse but each of twopartners can get HIV infected. The reason for this is HIV virus mixed withsemen is transmitted through direct contact with anal mucosal tissues. It hasbeen demonstrated in a study that pre-ejaculate (pre-cum) can contain highamounts of HIV and can result in transmission during anal intercourse.

It is possible for an insertive partner to get HIVinfected through a wound or cut on the penis or through the lining of theurethra inside the tip of the penis.

How and why unprotected sex have high rates of HIV transmission?

Unprotected sex has high rates of HIV transmission if you havesexual partners with a different HIV status than you. The probability oftransmitting HIV increases with a high viral load, and the probability ofgetting HIV also increases if your partner has a sexually transmitted disease(STD). If you have several sex partners then the chance of having intercourse with a partner who has a different HIV status than you increases so the risk of getting HIV increases.Having a different HIV status than your partner

It is necessarythat the sex partners know the HIV status of each other. If your HIV status isnegative and you are involved in sex with a partner who is HIV-positive thenyour chances of getting HIV increase, and this probability increases each time you have sex with this partner.

Having sex with several sex partners

If you and yoursex partners have overlapping sex partners, your risk of getting HIV increases.The reason for this is that the more sexual partners you have in your lifetime,the more probably you are to have sex with HIV infected person. IF you aresexually active, you should have sex with fewer partners in future.

How is HIV prevented through sex?

The probability of occurring HIV will significantly be lower if a condom is accurately used

during sex.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), and treatment as

prevention are some other methods of protection during intercourse.

To lower the probability of getting HIV, an HIV-negativeperson can take pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) pill to reduce the riskof HIV by more than 90 percent

PEP consists oftaking prescription antiretroviral medications after a recent vulnerability toHIV. It is a short course used in an emergencysituation, generally for a month, after 72 hours of viable exposure.Treatment as prevention

Treatment asprevention consists of taking medication to decrease the quantity of virus inblood so that the probability of that individual transmitting HIV to a sexualpartner may decrease.


  1. cdc. (n.d.). increased risk.Retrieved december 9, 2017, from cdc: (2017, October 27).
  2. HIVTransmission and Risks. Retrieved December 9, 2017, from poz:

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

experts 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help you just now

delivery Starting from 3 hours delivery

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Unprotected Sex and HIV Transmission. (2018, March 06). GradesFixer. Retrieved December 8, 2022, from
“Unprotected Sex and HIV Transmission.” GradesFixer, 06 Mar. 2018,
Unprotected Sex and HIV Transmission. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 8 Dec. 2022].
Unprotected Sex and HIV Transmission. [Internet] GradesFixer. 2018 Mar 06 [cited 2022 Dec 8]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Where do you want us to send this sample?

    By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.


    Be careful. This essay is not unique

    This essay was donated by a student and is likely to have been used and submitted before

    Download this Sample

    Free samples may contain mistakes and not unique parts


    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    We can write you a custom essay that will follow your exact instructions and meet the deadlines. Let's fix your grades together!


    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Don't use plagiarized sources. Get your custom essay. Get custom paper

    Get expert help for your assignment!

    We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!

    • Instructions Followed To The Letter
    • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
    • Unique And Plagiarism Free
    Get your paper order now