Why is Abortion Illegal

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 672 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Mar 20, 2024

Words: 672|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Mar 20, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Religious and Ethical Perspectives
  2. Legal and Political Considerations
  3. Public Health and Safety Concerns
  4. Counterarguments and Critiques
  5. Conclusion

Abortion has been a highly controversial and divisive issue in many societies worldwide. The legality of abortion varies from country to country, with some nations allowing it under certain circumstances and others prohibiting it altogether. The debate over the legality of abortion often revolves around religious, ethical, and moral considerations, as well as political and legal factors. This essay will explore some of the reasons why abortion is illegal in certain jurisdictions, examining the arguments from both sides of the debate.

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Religious and Ethical Perspectives

One of the primary reasons why abortion is illegal in many places is the influence of religious and ethical beliefs. For example, in predominantly Catholic countries such as Ireland and Poland, the Catholic Church has played a significant role in shaping public opinion and influencing legislation related to abortion. The Church's teachings on the sanctity of life and the belief that life begins at conception have led to strong opposition to abortion in these countries.

Similarly, in some Islamic nations, abortion is prohibited under Sharia law, which also emphasizes the value of human life and the protection of the unborn. Many religious groups and leaders view abortion as a violation of moral and ethical principles, and they advocate for the protection of the rights of the unborn child.

Legal and Political Considerations

Another factor contributing to the illegality of abortion is the influence of legal and political considerations. In some countries, conservative political ideologies and the influence of pro-life advocacy groups have led to the implementation of restrictive abortion laws. These groups often argue that the state has a duty to protect the rights of the unborn and that abortion should be considered a criminal act rather than a reproductive right.

Furthermore, legal frameworks in certain jurisdictions may reflect historical and cultural attitudes towards abortion. For example, in countries with a history of pro-natalist policies aimed at increasing birth rates, abortion may be heavily restricted or prohibited as a means of preserving traditional family structures and promoting population growth.

Public Health and Safety Concerns

Another argument often cited in support of the illegality of abortion is the concern for public health and safety. Proponents of restrictive abortion laws may argue that prohibiting abortion is necessary to protect the physical and mental well-being of women. They may claim that legalizing abortion could lead to unsafe and unregulated procedures that pose risks to women's health.

Additionally, some policymakers and public health officials may view abortion as a social and public health issue, believing that it has negative implications for society as a whole. They may argue that allowing abortion could contribute to a decline in birth rates, which could have demographic and economic consequences for the nation.

Counterarguments and Critiques

Despite the aforementioned reasons for the illegality of abortion, there are strong counterarguments and critiques of these positions. Those who advocate for the legalization of abortion often emphasize women's reproductive rights and autonomy, arguing that restrictive abortion laws infringe upon women's freedom to make decisions about their own bodies.

Furthermore, critics of the religious and ethical justifications for prohibiting abortion may highlight the separation of church and state and argue that laws should not be based solely on religious doctrines. They may also point to the social and economic implications of restrictive abortion laws, including the potential for increased rates of unsafe and clandestine abortions.


Ultimately, the reasons for the illegality of abortion are multifaceted and complex, encompassing religious, ethical, legal, political, and public health considerations. The debate over abortion continues to elicit passionate and deeply held beliefs on both sides, and the issue remains a contentious and divisive one in many societies.

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As attitudes towards reproductive rights and gender equality continue to evolve, it is likely that the debate over the legality of abortion will persist. It is crucial for policymakers, advocates, and citizens to engage in thoughtful and informed discussions about these complex issues, considering the diverse perspectives and implications involved.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Oliver Johnson

Cite this Essay

Why Is Abortion Illegal. (2024, March 20). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 23, 2024, from
“Why Is Abortion Illegal.” GradesFixer, 20 Mar. 2024,
Why Is Abortion Illegal. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 23 Jun. 2024].
Why Is Abortion Illegal [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 20 [cited 2024 Jun 23]. Available from:
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