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1795 - 1835
Lyman Beecher, Timothy Dwight, Charles Grandison Finney, Barton W. Stone
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival in the United States that occurred in several episodes and over different denominations. The Second Great Awakening spread religion through revivals and sparked a number of reform movements, including temperance and the emancipation of women. During this revival, meetings were held in small towns and large cities throughout the country. The outpouring of religious fervor and revival began among the Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists.
The Second Great Awakening can be divided into three phases. The first phase (1795–1810) was associated with frontier camp meetings. The second phase of the awakening (1810–25) centred in the Congregational churches of New England under the leadership of theologians. The third and final phase (1825–35) stemmed from the activities of evangelists.
The Second Great Awakening led to the founding of numerous colleges and seminaries and to the organization of mission societies across the country. During the Second Great Awakening, emerged some new religious movements such as Adventism, Dispensationalism, and the Latter Day Saint movement.
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